CBSE Social Science Class 10 Syllabus

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Social Science Class 10 Syllabus

Social Science is one of the favourite subjects of those who are curious about exploring the varied constructs of our society whereas it might not be suitable for the ones comfortable with quantitative concepts. Since it is a core discipline in CBSE Class 10 syllabus, it becomes essential to ace the subject for a perfect score in your board exams. Social science as a subject is of great importance as it aims to transform the students into responsible and well-informed citizens of India with eagerness to contribute to the effective working of the nation. This blog aims to provide you with an insightful breakdown of social science class 10 syllabus. 

Must Read: How to Study in Class 10

Social Science Class 10: Structure, Syllabus and Curriculum

Before exploring the social science class 10 syllabus in detail, take a look at the following table which elucidates its marking scheme and structure:

S. No. Units  No. of Periods  Marks 
I India and the Contemporary World- II 60 20
II Contemporary India-II 55 20
III Democratic Politics- II  50 20
IV Understanding Economic Development  50  20
Total  215 80

Related Read: CBSE Class 10 English Syllabus

Unit 1: India and the Contemporary World- II

The course content of unit 1 is divided into two sections, the former focuses on the European movements in the post-1830 period and how the idea of nationalism development. An intricate case study of prominent revolutions and movements like Non-Cooperation and Civil Disobedience is incorporated. While the latter explores the post-colonial era, it focuses on industrialization and the modern world. In this unit of social science class 10 syllabus, students get to learn about concepts like the implication of globalization for local economies along with industrializations in the colonies majorly textile industries, the early factory system, monitoring the links between the circulation of ideas and print culture, forms of writing with a specific history, etc

Chapters  Topics 
Rise of Nationalism in Europe The French Revolution and the Idea of the Nation 
The Age of Revolutions: 1830-1848
Nationalism and Imperialism
The Making of Nationalism in Europe
Rise of Nationalism in Europe The First World War, Khilafat and Non-Cooperation 
Different Strands within the Movement
Towards Civil Disobedience
The sense of Collective Belonging
The Making of a Global World  The Nineteenth Century 
The Inter-war Economy 
Rebuilding a World Economy: Post-war Era
The Pre-modern World 
The Age of Industrialization Factories Come Up 
Market for Goods 
Industrialization in the Colonies 
Before the Industrial Revolution 
Print Culture and
the Modern World
Print Comes to Europe
The Reading Mania
The First Printed Books
India and the World of Print         

Check Out: List of Exams After 10th

Unit II: Contemporary India- II

Also called as Geography in Class 10, this unit of Social Science aims to provide an insight into the understanding of judicious ways of utilizing resources, facilitating their conservation, spreading awareness and establishing the importance of natural resources along with assessing policies by the Indian government since independence about the institutional as well as technological reforms. Along with this, students will learn about transportation and communication systems. Here is a glimpse of some important topics of the chapters of social science class 10 syllabus. 

Chapters  Topics  
Resources and Development  Resource Planning in India
Land Utilization
Soil as a Resource
Types of Resources
Forest and Wildlife  Vanishing Forests 
Flora and Fauna in India 
Project Tiger
Himalayan Yew in Trouble 
Water Resources  Rainwater Harvesting
Water Scarcity and Need for Water
Multi-purpose River Projects 
Agriculture  Cropping Pattern Major Crops
Technological and Institutional Reforms 
Types of Farming 
Minerals and Energy
Mode of Occurrence of Minerals
What is a Mineral?
Rock Minerals and Non-metallics Minerals
Conservation of Minerals 
Manufacturing Industries  Industrial Location 
Spatial Distribution
Importance of Manufacturing
Classification of Industries
Lifelines of National Economy  Communication
Tourism as a Trade
International Trade
Types of Transport 

Don’t Miss: Short Term Courses After 10th

Unit III: Democratic Politics 

In-depth knowledge of various concepts regarding global polity is provided through unit 3 of social science class 10 syllabus. The emphasis is also laid on topics like federal provisions and institutions, decentralization in rural and urban areas, social cleavage and political competition, the role of people’s struggle in the expansion of democracy etc. Go through the following table which depicts some of the key topics under 8 chapters of this unit.

Chapters  Topics 
Power Sharing  Why Power Sharing is Desirable?
Case Studies of Belgium and Sri Lanka Forms of Power-sharing
Federalism   How is Federalism Practised?
Decentralization in India
What is Federalism?
What Makes India is a Federal Country?
and Diversity 
Differences, Similarities and Divisions 
Case Studies of Mexico 
Politics of Social Divisions
Gender, Religion
and Caste  
Gender and Politics 
Caste and Politics 
Religion, Communalism and Politics 
Popular Struggles
and Movements 
Pressure Groups and Movements 
Popular Struggles in Nepal and Bolivia 
Mobilization and Organization 
Political Parties  State Parties 
How Can Parties be Reformed?
National Political Parties
How Many Parties Should We Have? 
of Democracy 
Economic Growth and Development
Dignity and Freedom of the Citizens
Accommodation of Social Diversity
Reduction of Inequality and Poverty
to Democracy 
Thinking About Political Reforms
Thinking About Challenges
Redefining Democracy

Must Read: Grammar for Class 10

Unit IV: Understanding Economic Development

In this unit of social science class 10 syllabus, the concepts are spread across different aspects of an economy and its journey towards development. It encompasses major employment generating sectors, investment of different sectors in the economy, money as an economic concept, legal measures to exploit markets, the importance of sustainable development etc.

Chapters  Topics 
Development  Public Facilities
Income and Other Goals 
Sustainability of Development 
National Development
Sectors of the Indian Economy  Comparing the Three Sectors
Division of Sectors
Sectors of Ownership 
Sectors of Economic Activities 
Money and Credit  Modern Forms of Money
Two Different Situations
Self-help Groups 
Money as a Medium of Exchange 
Globalization and the Indian Economy  Foreign Trade Production Across Countries
World Trade Organization 
What is Globalization?
Consumer Rights Project Work

Also Read: Class 10 Science Syllabus

Don’t Forget to Check Out the Following Blogs Covering Different Topics Related to Class 10th:

Social Science Class 10 Syllabus: Project Work

It is compulsory to undertake one of the following topics to base one’s project on.

Consumer Awareness

Social Issues

Sustainable Development

Social Science Class 10 Syllabus: Map Items

The syllabi under the map section is shared below.

History: Outline Political Map

Under this comes Chapter 03: Nationalism in India – (1918 – 1930), which is divided into:

  • Indian National Congress Sessions
  • Important Centres of Indian National Movement

Geography: Outline Political Map

Under this comes the following:

  • Chapter 1: Resources and Development
  • Chapter 3: Water Resources
  • Chapter 4: Agriculture
  • Chapter 5: Minerals and Energy Resources
  • Chapter 6: Manufacturing Industries
  • Chapter 7: Lifelines of National Economy


The list of prescribed books are listed below.

  1. India and the Contemporary World-II (History)
  2. Contemporary India II (Geography)
  3. Democratic Politics II (Political Science)
  4. Understanding Economic Development
  5. Together Towards a Safer India – Part III, a textbook on Disaster Management by CBSE


Which is the toughest chapter in class 10 SST?

Heredity and Evolution is a comparatively difficult chapter in Class 10 Social Science.

How can I get full marks in Social Science?

Writing the answers in points, making block diagrams and tables, and dividing your answers into subheading are some of the ways to get higher marks in Social Science.

What percentage is good for 10th CBSE?

Scoring 90% and above is considered really good for 10th CBSE.

Thus, we hope that this blog has familiarized you with the social science class 10 syllabus along with its course structures and key topics. If you are skeptical about how to choose streams after 10th, sign up for a 30-minute free career counselling session with our experts at Leverage Edu and let us help you select the right stream of study that fits your interests and skills and guides you towards a rewarding career.

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