8 February: PTE Summarizing the Written Text – Task 3

2 minute read
PTE Summarizing the Written Text - Task 3

Q – Read the passage below and summarize it using one sentence. Type your response in the box at the bottom of the screen. You have 10 minutes to finish this task. Your response will be judged on the quality of your writing and on how well your response presents the key points in the passage.

Elderly people are growing healthier, happier and more independent, say American scientists. The results of a 14-year study to be announced later this month reveal that the diseases associated with old age are afflicting fewer and fewer people and when they do strike, it is much later in life.

Researchers, now analyzing the results of data gathered in 1994, say arthritis, high blood pressure and circulation problems-the major medical complaints in this age group-are troubling a smaller proportion every year. And the data confirms that the rate at which these diseases are declining continues to accelerate. Other diseases of old-age dementia, stroke, arteriosclerosis, and emphysema are also troubling fewer and fewer people.

It really raises the question of what should be considered normal ageing,’ says Kenneth Manton, a demographer from Duke University in North Carolina. He says that the problems doctors accepted as normal in a 65-year-old in 1982 often not appearing until people are 70 or 75, clearly, certain diseases are beating a retreat in the face of medical advances. But there may be other contributing factors. Improvements in childhood nutrition in the first quarter of the twentieth century, for example, gave today’s elderly people a better start in life than their predecessors.

Answer- According to research conducted 14 years ago by American scientists and others, elderly people are becoming healthier, happier, and more self-reliant as fewer people are experiencing the significant medical concerns that plagued 65-year-olds in 1982, and these diseases frequently don’t manifest until people are 70 or 75.

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