How would you feel if you had to repeat the same name or place while talking? This is why we have pronouns in English to help us escape this repetitiveness by replacing nouns. One of the basic concepts of English grammar, understanding pronounce can help you prepare for English for bank, government & competitive exams. Scroll through this blog to know about pronouns, useful list of major pronouns, types as well as examples.
Check Out: English for Competitive Exams
What is a Pronoun?
A pronoun is simply any word that takes the place of a noun. It helps us knock out the repetitive use of names, places, people or things. For example, in a sentence like ‘Ram is out with friends and Ram will be back before dawn’, using a pronoun can replace the second use of ‘Ram’ in the latter part of the sentence. So, the correct sentence would be: Ram is out with friends and he will be back before dawn.
Pronouns replace nouns in a sentence and can be in singular or plural form or at the place of the subject, object, indirect object, and more.
Also read: Prepositions
Types of Pronouns
There are 7 main types of pronouns and are as follows:
- Personal Pronouns
- Possessive Pronouns
- Reflexive Pronouns
- Indefinite Pronouns
- Interrogative Pronouns
- Relative Pronouns
- Demonstrative Pronouns
Let’s understand each of these pronouns in detail:
|Personal||Replace proper nouns like names and things
I always keep a book with me.
|He and him
She and her
I and me
They and them
We and us
|Possessive||Indicate ownership or possession of something are known as possessive pronouns
This book belongs to me.
|My, your, its, his, her, our, their and whose|
|Reflexive||Describe a course of action carried by someone on their own.
This type is used when subject and verb are the same.
|Use -self in the end
|Indefinite||Represent countable and uncountable nouns
Bring some snacks upstairs.
|Some, other, none, one, anybody, everybody, and no one|
|Interrogative||Used as questions
Where are the policemen?
|Who, what, which, whose|
|Relative||Indicate a relative clause or connect a clause with the sentence are relative pronouns
This is the dish that was cooked by Sandhya.
|What, who, whom, that, which, this|
|Demonstrative||Used to describe a thing in singular or plural form. These cannot be understood without reference or context
These are beautiful clothes.
|That, this, these and those|
Also Read: Active & Passive Voice
Pronouns cases are classified into three categories, i.e. subjective, objective and possessive pronouns cases.
- Subject pronouns case is used to describe the subject and its complements
- Objective pronouns case is used with objectives of verbs and prepositions
- Possessive pronouns case are used to describe ownerships
|Subjective Pronouns||Objective Pronouns||Possessive Pronouns|
Also Read: Figures of Speech
Rules of Pronouns
Now let’s take a look at the rules of pronouns:
Use plural pronouns when two singular nouns are connected with the help of and.
- Sanya and Priya is out with friends. (Incorrect Version)
- Sanya and Priya are out with their friends. (Correct Version)
Singular Pronouns should be used when singular nouns are connected by either, or, neither, nor.
- I can’t choose between these two. Neither of them are delicious. (Incorrect)
- I can’t choose between these two. Neither of them is delicious. (Correct)
Objective Pronouns cases should be used after the words ‘let’,’ but’,’ expect’ &’ between’.
- Everyone sang except I on the annual day (Incorrect Version)
- Everyone sang except me on the annual day (correct version)
Pronouns used before verb should be in the nominative case and when used after verb should in the objective case.
- I ams speaking to him.
- We are going to the park.
Personal nouns when replacing the nouns should be according to the nouns or agree with them.
- She loves his baby boy.
- She loves her baby boy.
Here is a pronoun worksheet for you to practice:
- After call you & ____ (I/me) must discuss few matters.
- I took Sonia’s doll from ____ (she/her)
- What did ___ (them/they) do about the crime rate in the city?
- Kids are coloring in ____ (their/them) books.
- ____ (they/ them) are wearing black for the party
- Sonali is helping _____ (she/her) friends with homework.
- Nayan is out,____ (his/him) paper is due tomorrow.
- ____ (they/them) finished their homework.
- Did she saw ___ (us/we) sneaking out?
- Where do ____ (you/your) want to go?
Whom, whose and who
Possessive pronouns indicate ownership in the statements.
Indefinite pronouns replace uncountable and countable nouns in the statement.
Proper pronouns are used to replace proper nouns.
Interrogative pronouns are used in questions.
Subjective, objective and possessive pronouns cases.
We hope this blog has helped you to understand everything related to pronouns. Preparing for English proficiency tests like IELTS or TOEFL? Our Leverage Live mentors are here to provide you with the best preparation guidance to achieve your dream score! Sign up for a free demo session with Leverage Edu now!