NCERT Chemistry Class 11

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NCERT Chemistry Class 11

NCERT books are the gold standard for both CBSE and competitive exams like NEET and IIT JEE. Chemistry is an essential part of the engineering entrance exams and medical entrance exams. Further, NCERT Chemistry Class 11 is divided into part 1 and part 2 and quintessentially introduces students to the fundamentals of Chemistry in a lucid language. The best thing about NCERT textbooks is that they do not merely focus on stating facts. Instead, they give a narration that pushes us to think, apply our imagination, and find solutions. This blog brings you a detailed breakdown of NCERT Chemistry Class 11 syllabus along with useful guides and solutions.

Must Read: Best Books for IIT JEE

Confused about which part of Chemistry syllabus is deleted? Check out our exclusive blog on Deleted Syllabus of Class 11.

NCERT Chemistry Class 11 Chapters

For scoring high marks in class 11 final exams, NCERT Chemistry textbooks are sufficient. NCERT Chemistry Class 11 textbook comes in two parts: 1 and 2. Here is the unit breakdown for the syllabus of CBSE Chemistry Class 11:

NCERT Chemistry
Class 11 Part 1
Unit 1: Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry
Unit 2: The Structure of the Atom
Unit 3: The Classification of Elements
and Periodicity of Properties
Unit 4: Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
Unit 5: The Three States of Matter
Unit 6: Thermodynamics
Unit 7: Equilibrium
NCERT Chemistry
Class 11 Part 2
Unit 8: Redox Reactions
Unit 9: Hydrogen
Unit 10: The s-block Elements
Unit 11: The p-Block Elements
Unit 12: Organic Chemistry
Unit 13: Hydrocarbons
Unit 14: Environmental Chemistry

Class 11 Chemistry Exam Structure

Class 11 Chemistry Exam Structure

Title Marks
-Basic Concepts of Chemistry
-Structure of Atom
11
-Classification of Elements & Periodicity in Properties 04
-Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
-States of Matter: Gases and Liquids
-Thermodynamics
-Equilibrium
21
-Redox Reactions
-Hydrogen
-s-Block Elements
-Some p-Block Elements
16
-Organic Chemistry: Basic Principles & Techniques
-Hydrocarbons
-Environmental Chemistry
18
Total 70

Unit 1: Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry

This unit deals with fundamental topics such as the SI unit, scientific notation, atomic mass, molecular mass, mole concept, stoichiometry, Avogadro’s law, significant figure, dimensional analysis, empirical formula, limiting reagent, and theories related to mass and proportion.

Unit 2: The Structure of the Atom 

This unit of NCERT Chemistry Class 11 gives a fundamental idea about the particles that constitute an atom (electron, proton, and neutron), early models of atom as proposed by Rutherford and Thomson, the story behind the Bohr’s atomic model, Bohr’s hydrogen atom model, the evolution of the quantum mechanical model of the atom, with a brief explanation of the model and the basic quantum mechanical properties like the quantum numbers.

Unit 3: Classification of Elements and Periodicity of Properties

Unit 3 of NCERT Chemistry Class 11 deals with the origin and evolution of the periodic table and classification of elements. Electronic configurations of elements of s,p,d, and f-block elements are described. 

Recommended Read: Tricks to Learn Periodic Table

Unit 4: Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure

This chapter explains the concept of octet rule, bond parameters, VSEPR theory, molecular orbital theory, hydrogen bonding, hybridisation, and molecular orbital theory.

Unit 5: The Three States of Matter

This unit of CBSE Chemistry Class 11 elaborates upon the three common states of matter (solid, liquid and gas) the concepts of intermolecular forces, the ideal gas equations, the gas laws, kinetic molecular theory of gases, thermal energy, ideal and real gas behaviour.

Unit 6: Thermodynamics

Topics included in this chapter are the terminologies related with thermodynamics (system, surroundings, internal energy, state and types of a system), work, enthalpy, calorimetry, spontaneity and Gibbs free energy.

Unit 7: Equilibrium

This unit illustrates types of equilibria, the law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constant, factors affecting equilibria, laws related to equilibrium, acid-bases and salts, ionisation of acids and bases, buffer solution.

Check Out: Difference Between Acid and Base

Unit 8: Redox Reaction

Coming under part 2 of Chemistry Class 11 syllabus, it covers the classical concept of redox action, electron transfer redox reaction mechanism, oxidation number and electrode processes.

Unit 9: Hydrogen

This unit deals with all the aspects related to hydrogen starting from its placement on the periodic table, preparation of dihydrogen, hydrogen and its compounds (hydrides, hydrogen peroxide, heavy water) and ending on the application of hydrogen as a fuel.

Unit 10: The s-block Elements

This chapter describes group 1 (alkali metals) and group 2 (Alkaline earth metals) elements with their characteristics and compounds, the anomalies behaviour of Lithium and Beryllium, biological importance of Sodium, Potassium, Magnesium and Calcium.

Must Read: Metals and Non Metals

Unit 11: The p-Block Elements

This unit deals with the description of the Boron and the carbon family, anomalous behaviour of carbon, atomic properties, uses of Boron and Aluminium, important compounds of Boron like Borax, and allotropes of Carbon.

Unit 12: Organic Chemistry: Basic Principles and Technique

This unit of NCERT Chemistry Class 11 gives a complete overview of organic chemistry in simple terms. It starts with a general introduction of organic chemistry and proceeds by explaining tetravalence of carbon, isomerism, classification and nomenclature of organic compounds, fundamental concepts of organic reaction mechanisms (I-effect, E-effect etc.), method of synthesis and purification of compounds. It ends with an account of qualitative and quantitative analysis of organic compounds.

Unit 13: Hydrocarbons

This chapter deals with a complete description of hydrocarbons(alkanes, alkenes, and alkynes), aromatic hydrocarbon along with a brief account of their carcinogenicity and toxicity.

Unit 14: Environmental Chemistry

This chapter is one of the most important chapters in the NCERT Chemistry class 11 textbook. Environmental Chemistry includes topics like a general introduction to environmental pollution, air pollution, water pollution, soil pollution, industrial waste, waste management strategies to control pollution and green chemistry.

NCERT Books for Chemistry Class 11

Now that you are familiarised with the chemistry syllabus for Class 11, here are the NCERT books through which you can learn all the concepts in a simpler manner: NCERT Chemistry Book 1 & NCERT Chemistry Book 2.

Thus, NCERT Chemistry class 11 solutions are immensely helpful guides for quick preparations. It can also be used as class 11 chemistry notes to refer to your questions and their respective solutions. Planning to pursue a degree in chemistry after completing 12th? Reach out to our Leverage Edu experts and we will assist you in picking the right course and university which matches your interests, preferences and aspirations. Sign up for an e-meeting with us today!

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