This Day in History – March 21

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March 21

History has been said to be a better guide than any good intentions even by Jeane Kirkpatrick. So we will guide you by giving you a list of history and the events that happened on this glorious day of March 21. Please read ahead to enjoy history with us.

What Happened in India on March 21? 

March 21
Image Source: Patrika

1791: Bengaluru lost to Britain
The British army took Bengaluru from Tipu Sultan after the battle, the Third Anglo-Mysore War. 
1836: First public library
The first-ever public library, also known as the National Library, was started in Kolkata on March 21, 1836. 
1971: Sunil Gavaskar’s first test century
The Indian cricketer Sunil Gavaskar scored his first test century in Georgetown, Guyana.
1975: Emergency Declared
At midnight Emergency was declared in India by Indira Gandhi and Fakkhruddin Ali Ahmed which stayed till March 21,  1977

What Happened Around the World on March 21?

Mark Zuckerberg
Image Source: The Verge

630: True cross restored to Jerusalem
The Byzantine emperor Heraclius restored the True Cross to Jerusalem on March 21, 630.
1152: Most expensive divorce in history took place
The Duchess of Acquitane controlled a quarter of all of France and was the richest woman in Europe in the 12th Century. King Louis VII of France divorced her after he couldn’t get a male heir from her.
1188: Emperor Antoku came to power
The Japanese emperor Antoku came to power and his accession to the throne of Japan took place.
1349: Black death riots
In Erfurt, Germany about 3 thousand Jews were killed because they were accused of spreading the plague.
1413: Henry V comes to power
The Henry of Monmouth, Prince of Wales became the King Henry V of England.
1702: Queen Anne addressed Parliament
Queen Anne Stuart addressed the English Parliament on March 21, 1702. 
1804: Napoleonic Code adopted
France adopted the Napoleonic Code and stressed clearly written and accessible law.
1826: Beethoven’s String Quartet No.13 premieres
The String Quartet no – 13 in B flat major premiered in Vienna for the first time.
1844: Origin of Baha’I Era- Baha’I calendar originated here
The origin of Baha’I Era – Baha’I calendar originated heer on March 21, 1844. 
1844: Original date of Christ’s return predicted
The original date of the return of Christ and the end of the world was predicted by William Miller
1859: Scottish National Gallery opened in Edinburgh
The Scottish National Gallery opened in Edinburgh. 
1860: The mill on the Floss finished
“The Mill on the Floss” George Eliot’s famous novel was finished today in Wandsworth, London
1871: Stanley’s famous expedition to Africa
The famous journalist and explorer Henry Morton Stanley began his famous journey to Africa
1917: First female US Navy officer
Loretta Walsh became the US Navy’s first female petty officer
1925: Khoshidi solar Hijri calendar adopted in Iran
The Khoshidi solar Hijri calendar was adopted in Iran on this day on March 21, 1925. 
1925: Butler act passed
Tennessee governor Austin Peay passed the Butler Act which made Tennessee the first state to outlaw teaching the theory of Evolution. It was repealed in 1967
1935: Iran came into existence
Persia was officially named Iran on this day in history. 
1943: Assassination attempt on Hitler
An assassination attempt on Adolf Hitler was made which failed on March 21, 1943. 
1952: First Rock and Roll concert
Alan Freed presented the Moondog coronation ball at Old Cleveland Arena and 25 thousand people attended the first Rock and Roll concert
1961: Beatles’ first appearance at Cavern Club, Liverpool
The Beatles made their first appearance at the Cavern Club, Liverpool. 
1965: Martin Luther King Jr.’s march
Martin Luther King Jr.’s march began from Selma to Montgomery on this day in history. 
1965: US Ranger 9 launched
The US Ranger 9 was launched which took 5,814 pictures before the lunar impact on March 21.
1968: Portugal’ president banished
Portuguese socialist and the president of Portugal was banished to Sao Tome having been arrested by secret police under dictator Antonio de Oliveira Salazar.
1975: Ethiopian monarchy abolished
After 3 thousand years of monarchy, Ethiopia abolished the monarchy.
1978: Most comprehensive homosexual rights bill
San Francisco passed its and The US’s most comprehensive homosexual rights bill on this day in history.
1984: Part of Central Park was named Strawberry Fields in honour of John Lennon
A part of Central Park was renamed after John Lenon. It was called Strawberry Fields. 
1990: Namibian independence
Namibia became independent of South Africa and Sam Nujoma became the President on March 21, 1990.
1994: UNFCCC came into force
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) entered into force after being ratified by a required number of nations.
2002: Reporter Daniel Pearl murder case suspects charged with murder
Ahmed Omar Saeed Sheikh along with 3 other suspects were charged with murder for their part in the kidnapping and killing of the Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl
2013: Age of universe revealed
The European Space Agency revealed new data that indicated that the universe was 13.82 billion years old on March 21, 2013.
2018: Mark Zuckerberg admitted the mistake
Facebook’s Mark Zuckerberg admitted that they “made mistakes” after the data on  50 million users was harvested by Cambridge Analytica.
2018: Peru’s president offers resignation
Pedro Pablo Kuczynski the president of Peru offered his resignation amid the vote buying scandal on March 21, 2018.

List of Important Birthdays

  • Ustad Bismillah Khan
    Famous shehnai player Ustad Bismillah Khan was born on this day on March 21, 1916.
  • Nirmala Srivastava
    The founder of Sahaja Yoga Shri Mataji Nirmala Srivastava was born on this day. 
  • Jair Bolsonaro
    The Brazilian politician and the President of Brazil was born on March 21, 1955. He became president in 2019 and is still in power
  • Rani Mukherjee
    The Indian actress with many famous movies like Mardani, Bunty Aur Bubbly and Hichki was born today
  • Ronaldinho Gaucho
    The famous Brazilian football star was born in Porto Alegre, the Rio Grande do Sul in Brazil on March 21, 1980.

We hope that you enjoyed our list of all the important events that took place on March 21. For more exciting content follow Leverage Edu on LinkedIn, Twitter,  Facebook, YouTube and Instagram.

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