This Day in History – January 23

4 minute read
January 23

It is said that we are all just cogs in the wheel of history. If so, then we must know that each day we live, has a great and irreplaceable part of history attached to it. Surprising, isn’t it? From battles, amnesties, agreements, births, losses, findings and breakthroughs, every day has seen innumerable historic events throughout centuries! Let’s find out the events that happened through the years on this day in history, January 23.

1571: The Opening of the Royal Exchange
Queen Elizabeth I of England opened the Royal Exchange in London.

1656: French philosopher Blaise Pascal published his first Lettres Provinciales
The French philosopher and theologian Blaise Pascal published the first of his Lettres provincials on January 23, 1656.

1779: Charles Messier’s M56
Charles Messier catalogued the famous M56 (globular cluster in Lyra).

1795: War of the First Coalition
The French cavalry captured 14 Dutch ships and 850 guns near the port of Den Helder – which was a rare instance of cavalry capturing a fleet.

1849: Elizabeth Blackwell earned a Medical Degree
Elizabeth Blackwell became the 1st woman in the USA to earn a medical degree.

1889: Provident Hospital in Chicago
Daniel William founded the Provident Hospital in Chicago.

1899: Emilio Aguinaldo sworn as President
Emilio Aguinaldo was sworn in as President of the First Philippine Republic on January 23, 1899.

1904: Ålesund Fire
The Norwegian coastal town Ålesund got destructed by fire and left 10,000 people homeless and one person dead. Kaiser Wilhelm II funded the rebuilding of the town in Jugendstil style.

1913: Coup d’etat against the Turkish Government
The ‘Young Turks’ led a coup d’etat against the Turkish Government.

1924: Britain’s First Labour Government
After Stanley Baldwin resigned, Ramsay MacDonald formed Britain’s first Labour Government and climaxed 24 years of struggle by the Labour Party.

1943: Duke Ellington’s First Gig at Carnegie Hall 
Duke Ellington played at Carnegie Hall in New York City for the first time.

1945: Operation Hannibal in World War II
Karl Dönitz launched Operation Hannibal in World War II.

1959: 9th NBA All-Star Game, West beat East with a score of 124-108
MVPs: Elgin Baylor, Minneapolis Lakers, F; Bob Pettit, St. Louis Hawks, beat the East and became the first co-winners of the MVP award on January 23, 1959.

1962: British Intelligence Officer Kim Philby defected
Kim Philby, the British intelligence officer, defected to the USSR.

1972: Ard Schenk became the all-round skating champion
Ard Schenk became the European all-round skating champion.

1973: US President Richard Nixon’s Accord Declaration to End the Vietnam War
It was announced that an accord had been reached by US President Richard Nixon to end the Vietnam War.

1973: Operating Agreement by Shah of Iran
An operating agreement was announced by Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, between a consortium of oil companies and that Iran would not be renewed when the agreement expired in 1979.

1979: Willie Mays elected to Baseball Hall of Fame
NY/SF Giants / New York Mets centre fielder Willie Mays elected to Baseball Hall of Fame.

1986: Rock ‘N’ Roll inducted in the Hall of Fame 
The Rock ‘N’ Roll group was inducted in the Hall of Fame (Chuck Berry, James Brown, Ray Charles, Domino, Everly Bros, Buddy Holly, J L Lewis & Elvis Presley).

1988: Steffi Graf won 1st of 3 consecutive Australian singles
In the Australian Open Women’s Tennis, Steffi Graf of Germany won the 1st of 3 consecutive Australian singles crowns and beat American, Chris Evert, 6-1, 7-6.

1998: Pope John Paul II condemns the US embargo against Cuba
Pope John Paull II condemned the US embargo against Cuba.

1998: Michael Jordan’s Double-Digit Score for the 800th Consecutive Game
Michael Jordan scored double figures for the 800th consecutive game in a 100-98 OT win over New Jersey and added 40 more double-figure scoring games to his NBA record before retiring for the second time, on January 23, 1998.

2001: The Chinese Communist Party staged self-immolation in the Tiananmen Square
The Chinese Communist Party staged self-immolation to frame Falun Gong and escalate the persecution.

2002: Reporter Daniel Pearl kidnapped in Karachi, Pakistan
Reporter Daniel Pearl got kidnapped in Karachi, Pakistan and then subsequently murdered.

2002: ‘American Taliban’ John Walker Lindh returned to the United State of America
John Walker was also known as ‘American Taliban’ returned to the United States of America in the Federal Bureau of Investigation custody.

2003: Space Probe Pioneer 10
The final communication happened between Earth and NASA via space probe Pioneer 10, on January 23, 2003.

Famous Birthdays

  • Subhas Chandra Bose, Indian Nationalist Leader and Freedom Fighter of India
  • Tito Ortiz, American Mixed Martial Artist
  • Tiffani Thiessen, American Actress
  • Arjen Robben, Dutch Footballer
  • Caroline, Princess of Hanover
  • Doutzen Kroes, Dutch Model

These were the historical events that happened in world history on January 23. Stay tuned to Leverage Edu and follow us on Instagram, Youtube, LinkedIn, Quora, and Facebook for more educational content.

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