IELTS (International English Language Testing System) is amongst the major English proficiency tests and is undertaken by those planning to study or work abroad. Comprising of four main sections, the IELTS exam evaluates a candidate on four basic parameters, i.e. listening, reading, writing and speaking. Further, there are two types of IELTS exam, i.e IELTS General and IELTS Academic which vary as per their pattern as well as syllabus. Understanding the format and structure of an exam must be the beginning step of your preparation. This blog brings you a comprehensive guide on IELTS exam pattern for General and Academic tests as well as the type of questions they contain.
Also Read: IELTS Syllabus 2021
This Blog Includes:
|Exam Name||International English Language Testing System|
|Major IELTS-Accepting Countries||Australia, New Zealand, UK, Canada and the USA, etc.|
|Mode||Both Paper and Computer-based|
|Score Range||1 to 9|
|Main sections||Listening, Reading, Writing and Speaking|
Must Read: IELTS Preparation Tips
IELTS Exam Pattern for General & Academic
There are two main types of IELTS exams which are conducted for different purposes. IELTS Academic is opted by those planning to pursue their education in an English-speaking country while IELTS General is mainly for those who aim to migrate to an English-speaking country to seek employment opportunities. The following sections elaborate upon the IELTS exam pattern for these two types of tests:
IELTS Academic Exam Pattern
The IELTS Academic exam pattern has four sections, i.e. Listening, Reading, Speaking and Writing. The duration of the exam is 2 hours 45 minutes. Here is the exam format for IELTS Academic:
|Section||Number of Questions||Duration||Details|
|Writing||2||60 minutes||2 writing tasks|
|Reading||40||60 minutes||3 Reading Passages|
|Listening||40||30 minutes||4 recorded monologues
|Speaking||3 parts||11-14 minutes||Oral Interview|
Now, let’s take a look at the type of questions in each of these questions:
|Writing||Questions related to visuals graphics, tables etc.
Task 1: Candidates have to write 150 words in 20 minutes.
Task 2: 40 minutes will be given to candidates for writing 250 words.
|Reading||Multiple-choice, identifying information, identifying the writer’s views/claims, matching information, headings, features, sentence endings,
sentence completion, summary completion, note completion, table completion,
flow-chart completion, diagram label completion and short-answer questions.
|Listening||Multiple-choice, matching, plan, map, diagram labelling, form, note,
table, flow-chart, summary completion and sentence completion.
|Speaking||There are basically 3 parts under this section of the
IELTS exam pattern for Academic Test:
Part 1: Candidates have to answer a range of questions related to the family, work, studies and interests, home etc. The duration of the section is 4-5 minutes.
Quick Read: IELTS Writing Tips
IELTS General Exam Pattern
The IELTS Exam Pattern for the General version is quite similar to IELTS Academic except that the reading and writing sections comprise different types of questions. The duration of the General version is the same as the IELTS Academic, i.e. 2 hours 45 minutes. Take a look at the IELTS exam pattern for the General Test:
|Sections||Number of Questions||Duration||Details|
|Writing||2||60 minutes||2 writing tasks|
|Reading||40||60 minutes||3 sections: 2 or 3 short texts,
two texts and one long text
|Listening||40||30 minutes||4 recorded monologues and conversations|
|Speaking||3 parts||11–14 minutes||Oral interview|
Now, let’s understand the various type of questions in these four sections of the IELTS General Exam Pattern:
|Writing||Candidates have to write letters and essays. The letter should be of 150 words, while as the essay should not be less than 250 words.|
|Reading||This section contains 3 main sections; Multiple-choice, identifying information, identifying the writer’s views/claims, matching information, matching headings, matching features, matching sentence endings, sentence completion, summary completion, note completion, table completion, flow-chart completion, diagram label completion and short-answer questions.|
|Listening||Multiple-choice, matching, plan, map, diagram labelling, form, note, table, flow-chart, summary completion and sentence completion.|
Part 1: Different questions related to the family, work, studies and interests, home etc. The duration of the section is 4-5 minutes.
Part 2: A particular topic is given on which candidates have to speak on up to 2 minutes.
Part 3: Extending for four to five minutes, abstract ideas and issues are discussed related to the topic given in Part 2.
Also Read: IELTS Study Material
IELTS constitutes four main sections, i.e. Reading, Writing, Listening, and Speaking. The types of questions asked in Writing and Reading differ for IELTS Academic and General while the remaining two sections are the same.
There is no certain passing or failing score in the IELTS. IELTS is scored on a nine-band scale and each band represents a specified competency in English. A 9 band score shows that the test-taker is an expert user while 0 corresponds to no attempt.
The IELTS exam fee in India is 14,700 INR and varies with domestic currencies.
Check Out: IELTS Exam Dates
Hopefully, this blog has helped you understand the IELTS exam pattern for both IELTS Academic and General. Preparing for the IELTS exam? Sign up for an online demo session with our Leverage Edu experts and we will guide you through your IELTS preparation, from drafting the right strategy to providing you with the best study resources to help you ace your exam with a higher score.