The IELTS test constitutes of four major sections, namely Reading, Writing, Listening and Speaking. In particular, the IELTS Reading section includes 3 passage-based categories with the total number of questions coming to 40. It aims to test the candidate’s ability to make patterns, judging the mood of the passage, sentence analysis, deduction, and reasoning, amongst others. Exam-takers must realize that this section, though may look easy to score, requires consistent preparation efforts. Read here about the full IELTS Syllabus to know what you need to prepare for each section. Through this blog, let’s equip you with the success mantra to successfully crack the reading section of the IELTS exam.
Must Read: IELTS Eligibility
This Blog Includes:
- IELTS Reading
- IELTS Reading Questions Types
- IELTS Reading Topics
- IELTS Academic Reading vs. IELTS General Reading
- IELTS Reading Materials
- Tips To Ace IELTS Reading
- How to Prepare for IELTS?
- IELTS reading time
- IELTS Academic Reading in detail
- How the IELTS Academic Reading section is scored
The IELTS Reading section is given to test a wide range of reading skills including reading for gist, reading for main ideas, reading for detail, skimming, understanding logical argument and recognizing writers’ opinions, attitudes and purpose. IELTS reading section has 40 questions and is 60-minutes long.
IELTS Reading Questions Types
|Task Type||Task Description|
|Matching Headings Question||Choose a heading from the list that matches a paragraph or a section in the passage.|
|True, False, Not Given/ Yes, No, Not Given||Identify whether the writer’s opinion or the information is in the question statements or not.|
|Matching Paragraph Information Questions||Match the information given in question with the information given in the passage.|
|Summary Completion Questions||Complete the summary by filling the blanks with the words taken from the passage.|
|Sentence Completion Questions||Complete the sentence with the words taken from the passage.|
|Multiple Choice Questions||Choose the correct answer from three or four possible options.|
|List Selection||Choose the correct option from a list of words. It is different from multiple choice because all questions are related to only one long list of possible answers.|
|Choosing a Title||Choose the correct title from a given list.|
|Classification Questions||Decide which information belongs to which specific category from the given list.|
|Matching Sentence Endings||Complete the sentence by matching its start and ending given from the list.|
|Table Completion||Complete a table by using the words from the passage.|
|Flow-Chart Completion Questions||Complete the flowchart by using the words from the passage.|
|Diagram Completion Questions||Label a diagram.|
|Short Answer Questions||Answer questions by taking details from the passage.|
IELTS Reading Topics
To ace in IELTS reading section, you must read books, magazines, newspapers and journals in your day-to-day life. Here are some general topics for IELTS Reading, academic and general.
IELTS Academic Reading Topics:
|Health and Fitness|
|Dominant features of western countries|
|Television addiction in students|
|Advantages and disadvantages of technology for students|
|Environment of different countries|
|Impacts of environment on human health|
|Specialties of different countries|
|Impacts of China on youth of the world|
|Amateurs and their lifestyle|
|Modern tools to detect crimes|
|Villains and lessons taught by them|
|Current happenings of any country|
|Issues observed in academic campus|
|Issues observed in student life|
IELTS General Reading Topics:
|Child growth and learning|
|Places of tourist attraction|
|Communication improvement in an organization|
|Feedback policy in workplace|
|Domestic and international travel|
|Clarity in HR policies|
|Job-status in different country|
|Economic status of the company|
|Economy of the state or country|
|Risk management plan|
|Issues in leadership|
|Child growth and learning|
IELTS Academic Reading vs. IELTS General Reading
IELTS Academic Reading includes 3 sections. Each questions includes texts with excerpts from books, journals, newspapers and magazines. These texts outline academic topics of general interest. There is a difference between scoring patterns in IELTS Academic Reading and IELTS General Reading.
IELTS General Reading includes three sections. Section 1 includes 2 or 3 factual texts related to everyday situations, Section 2 presents factual text related to work and Section 3 includes complex text that highlights general topics. IELTS General reading is taken by those applying for immigration and work related purposes.
IELTS Reading Materials
Below mentioned are some books that can help you prepare for the IELTS reading section.
|The Official Cambridge Guide to IELTS||Buy here|
|Cambridge IELTS’ Book 14 for Academic with Answers||Buy here|
|Barron’s IELTS Superpack||Buy here|
|Target Band 7||Buy here|
Tips To Ace IELTS Reading
Don’t Start Blindly. Thoroughly Read the Instructions.
During your IELTS Reading preparation efforts, you may subconsciously know the instructions, but during the exam is a strict no-no. Go through them carefully before starting. Questions like true/false/not given, gap filling, yes/no, information matching may have triggers like ‘NOT’ mentioned which can change the whole direction of the answer. Moreover, the answer choices may have mixed information, wrong information or information that may be true but is not consistent with the passage. Reading what you are being asked to do is imperative.
Also Read: Idioms for IELTS
Be Ahead. Know the Question’s Pattern.
Get acclimated to the type and nature of the questions asked. In particular, the reading section involves the simultaneous application of skills of reading, assimilation, pattern-building, and the ability to draw conclusions. Further, while a considerable number of the questions are logical and straightforward, getting through the sheer number as well as the odd knotty ones can quickly turn your perception of the seemingly easy IELTS Reading section. Thus, familiarise yourself beforehand about the pattern as well as the various types of questions, try to score perfect and that will leave you ample amount of time to tackle your weak points. You can practice with the IELTS reading tests available online or with industry experts on Leverage Live!
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Getting your answers right is an incomplete aim. But answering them right in time with a bit of time left for revision must be the objective. To achieve this level of proficiency requires systematic practicing in a time-bound manner. A few during exam suggestions we can make are:
- Do not devote too much time on one question. Move on to another if some question is exhausting your minutes.
- Learn to let go. The toughest ones are meant to be tough so if you can not get it right on one or two attempts, switch to the next.
- Write the answers in the sheet while you are doing it and do not leave answer-filling for the end. Your responses in the answer sheet count and not on your rough sheet.
Also Read: Books for IELTS Preparation
The Divine Art of Scanning
Skimming and scanning through the passages just to get an idea of the topic discussed is an almost angelic ability, especially during the IELTS Reading section. This helps in developing a sense of the information being put out, its basic structure and if possible, its mood. Through a smooth floating motion, it also helps you mark out the important numbers that appear that may be a part of the questions asked. Remember, you must not get too deep and your first priority must be reading carefully.
Don’t Prioritise Vocabulary
While preparing for the IELTS Reading section, or any other part of the exam, you must always remember that it is not a test of vocabulary but of communication-coherent English. It affords greater importance to grammar and sentence, correction and understanding. So, if you come across difficult unknown words, just try to get around it and practice to get the central idea rather than dwelling on a few words.
How to Prepare for IELTS?
IELTS reading time
Exam structure: reading (60 minutes)
The 40 questions in the reading part are intended to evaluate a variety of reading abilities. These include skimming, understanding logical argument, reading for gist, reading for major ideas, reading for detail, reading for comprehension, and recognising the perspectives, attitudes, and purposes of writers.
Three lengthy readings, ranging from discursive and analytical to factual and descriptive, are part of the IELTS Academic test. These come from publications including books, journals, periodicals, and newspapers. They have been chosen for a non-specialist audience yet are suitable for students starting university courses or looking to register for a profession.
IELTS Academic Reading in detail
- Multiple choice
- Identifying information
- Identifying writer’s views/claims
- Matching information
- Matching headings
- Matching features
- Matching sentence endings
- Sentence completion
- Summary, note, table, flow-chart completion
- Diagram label completion
- Short answer questions
How the IELTS Academic Reading section is scored
The Academic Reading test is graded by certified scorers who are continually observed to assure accuracy. Cambridge English further examines each answer sheet once it has been graded.
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The IELTS test constitutes of four major sections, Reading, Writing, Listening and Speaking.
IELTS Reading section is comprised of a total of three reading passages for the academic paper and three different sections for the general training paper with each section having 1 or 2 texts.
IELTS Academic reading includes excerpts from books, magazines, and newspapers. It may contain complicated language, academic vocabulary, and at times diagrams, maps or other types of illustrations.
Excelling in the IELTS Reading section is no different than any other ability-testing exam like the TOEFL or GRE. A proper study plan goes a long way in channelizing your efforts. Take the assistance of the experts and mentors at Leverage Edu where you can develop a unique personalized approach towards your exam that accentuates your skills and improves your areas that need more practice. This way, you can be geared up, confident, and collected on the day of your exam.