CTET Notes on Family

4 minute read
CTET Notes on Family

CTET stands for Central Teacher Eligibility Test and is conducted every year across India for the recruitment of teachers for Classes 1 to 8. It is an important exam for all budding teachers. The exam is conducted by CBSE twice a year. In this blog, we will provide you with comprehensive CTET notes on Family. So get ready to master your concepts and crack the exam!  

Must Read: CTET Syllabus

Concept of Family

In this section on CTET notes on Family, we will cover the definition of family. Family is defined as the group of people in which members are related to each other by blood, affinity. Family plays a pivotal role in the early development of children as they help in fostering values like unity, selflessness, altruism, cooperation, acceptance in children. Family is considered the basic unit of society.

Explore: CTET Child Development Theories

Merits of Family

In this section on CTET notes on Family, we will look at the merits of Family as explained below-

  • Instils values like cooperation, love, altruism in children.
  • Important medium for the transmission of knowledge, beliefs to children.
  • Helps in shaping up the social life of an individual.
  • Family is the first school of wisdom and the most important social organization.

Types of Family

YouTube: Kids Study Zone

In this section on CTET notes on Family, we will discuss types of the family-

Joint Family & Features

Joint and Nuclear families are the most commonly found family structures around the world and we shall cover their features further in our blog on CTET notes on family.

  • Members of two-three generations live together
  • Members of a single generation live togetherParents, their children, brothers and sisters, sister-in-law, their children, and grandparents live under the same roof
  • Declining recently in society because of fast-paced life and influence of western culture
  • The size of the family is large
  • More number of children are there in the joint family
  • Children learn the value of discipline and unity early in childhood due to the presence of grandparents at home

Nuclear Family & Features

  • Members of a single generation live together
  • Parents and their unmarried children live together under the same 
  • Prevailing in society nowadays because of the fast-paced life and influence of western culture
  • The size of the family is small
  • Less number of children are there is a nuclear family
  • Since the size of the family is small, children become responsible and self-dependent

Related Read: CTET Notes on Health and Disease

Other Types of Family Structures

In our CTET notes on Family, we will cover different types of family structures that exist around the world such as

  • Matrilocal Family
    • Mother is the head of the family.
    • A couple after marriage lives near a female’s family or with a female’s family.
    • Examples of matrilocal family structures are the Nair community in Kerala in South India and the Siraya of Taiwan
  • Patrilocal Family
    • Father is the head of the family.
    • A couple after marriage lives near a male’s family or with a male’s family.
  • Consanguineous Family
    • Family of blood relatives that are descended from the same ancestors.
    • A mother and father are not consanguineous, but they are both consanguineous with their biological children.

Explore: CTET Notes on First Farmers and Herders

Importance of Family

In this section in CTET notes on Family, we will cover the importance of family in our societies. Family indeed holds great importance in our lives and its importance is elucidated as follows-

  • The child learns humanistic values such as friendliness, respect towards elders, cooperation, patience, etc.
  • The person understands how our society and world works and functions and thus, how one can adapt effectively in this volatile environment
  • All the economic activities of human beings are conducted in the family and hence, children learn about money management as well which is crucial in adulthood.
  • Family facilitates the Social, Mental, Emotional, Physical Development of a child and thus, ensuring that the child grows holistically in the right direction

Theorists on Functions of a Family

In this section on CTET notes on Family, we will cover different theories on functions of a family and how it affects the society at large:

Robert Morrison MacIver

Robert Morrison MacIver, a sociologist and political scientist who contributed to the study of society and the functions of the family. Maclver argued that the functions of a family can be divided into essential and non-essential functions; the essential functions of a family are the satisfaction of sex need, production and rearing of children and provision of a home. Non- essential features are religious, educational, economic, health and recreation.

Talcott Parsons

Talcott Parsons, a famous sociologist, argued that families have two primary functions:

  • Primary socialisation of children
  • Stabilisation of human personalities

Ogburn and Nimkoff

Ogburn and Nimkoff, sociologists who classified functions of family mainly into six types:

  • Affectional
  • Economic functions 
  • Recreational functions 
  • Protective functions 
  • Religious functions 
  • Educational functions

K. Davis

K. Davis argued that the functions of the family are Reproduction, Maintenance, Placement and Socialization of the young. 


Goode argued that the functions of family can be divided into five different broad functions: 

  • Procreation functions
  • Socio­economic security functions 
  • Status determination functions 
  • Socialization functions 
  • Social control functions

Must Read: CTET Notes on Learning Principles and Theories

Hope all the CTET aspirants found our CTET notes on family informative and relevant. To find more study material and notes on relevant topics, follow Leverage Edu on Facebook, Youtube, Instagram

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