Class 12 English Syllabus is divided into 2 parts – English Core and English Electives. The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) is the most sought-after board in India, provides a comprehensive Class 12 English Syllabus of both Core and Elective. While preparing for boards, you are also strengthening your English for competitive exams and can also help you build a career in Functional English. Through this blog, we will walk you through the syllabus and exam pattern for the class 12th board examination.
This Blog Includes:
- Class 12 English Syllabus & Exam Pattern – Core 2021-2022
- Deleted Syllabus of English Class 12 CBSE 2020-2021: Core
- Class 12 English Syllabus CBSE 2021 PDF
- Class 12 English Syllabus & Pattern – Elective 2020- 2021
- Deleted Syllabus of English Class 12 CBSE 2020-2021: Elective
- PDF Download
- Class 12 English Books 2021
- Class 12 English Grammar Syllabus
- Class 12 English Previous Year Questions 2019
- Class 12 English Sample Papers
- Class 12 English Syllabus: UP Board
Class 12 English Syllabus & Exam Pattern – Core 2021-2022
The class 12 English syllabus – Core, enables students to develop a good understanding of the language and literature. In the final examination, candidates are evaluated in terms of their Reading, Writing and Literature skills. Given below is the distribution of the same:
|Sections||Distribution of Marks|
|Section A: Reading Comprehension||20|
|Section B: Writing Skills||30|
|Section C: Literature Section||30|
Section A: Reading Comprehension
This Class 12 English syllabus section consists of two passages:
- There will be 1 unseen passage given with a variety of Objective Type Questions, including MCQs and Short Answer type questions to test comprehension, interpretation, vocabulary and inference. From this unseen passage, 5 MCQs and 7 Objective type questions shall be asked. The passage will be of the total length of 800 – 900 words. The passage type could be Factual or Descriptive or Literary passage. (12 marks)
- In the second passage, students are assessed in Note making and Abstraction. The distribution of marks: Note Making (4 marks) and Summary (4 marks).
Section B: Writing Skills
- Notices, advertisement, Writing formal and informal invitations, designing or drafting posters. Out of the two Short Answer Questions (SAQs), one question is asked which consists of 4 marks.
- Letters based on visual/verbal inputs- Student have to answer one question, out of the two Long Answer Questions (LAQs) which consists of 6 marks.
- There are 2 composition questions based on verbal/verbal input, which includes a speech /articles/debate or report- 2 LAQs containing internal choice, which is to be answered by students in 150-200 words. (20 marks each)
Section C- Literature Section
- 8 Objective type of questions(OTQs)- four questions from one poetry and four from one prose extract to test comprehension and appreciation. (8 marks)
- Out of 7 Short Answer type questions, students have to answer 5 questions, which are based on drama/poetry/ prose from both textbooks. (5*2=10 marks)
- In Long Answer type questions, one question out of two Long Answer Questions (from textbook Flamingo) has to be answered by students in 120-150 words. (6 marks)
- One question out of 2 Long Answer Questions (from textbook Flamingo) has to be answered by students in 120-150 words. (6 marks)
Deleted Syllabus of English Class 12 CBSE 2020-2021: Core
For the academic year 2020-2021, the syllabus for class 12th has been reduced 30%. Here are the portions reduced from English core-
- Note Making & Summarizing
- Poets and Pancakes 1. A Roadside Stand
- The Interview
- Going Places
- The Tiger King
- Journey to the end of the Earth
- Memories of Childhood
- Poster making
- Business or official letters for making enquiries, registering complaints, asking for and giving information, placing orders and sending replies.
- Speech, Debate
Class 12 English Syllabus CBSE 2021 PDF
To get handy with the class 12 English syllabus- core, you may download the below mentioned PDF-
Class 12 English Syllabus & Pattern – Elective 2020- 2021
Class 12 English syllabus – Elective is an advanced version which focuses more on literary-oriented and covers various aspects of literature. CBSE Class 12 English syllabus – Elective consists of 4 sections. Given below, course structure of English Elective and distribution of marks for each section:
|Sections||Distribution of Marks|
|Section A- Reading Section||20|
|Section B- Creative Writing Skills and Applied Grammar Section||30|
|Section C- Literature Section||20|
|Section D- Fiction Section||10|
Section A: Reading Section
This section consists of passage (literary and discursive) of about 950-1000 words. Out of this passage, 12 questions are asked which comprises of MCQs. (12 marks= 121) and a poem about 24-28 lines, out of this poem, 4 short questions are asked to test the student’s interpretation and appreciation. (42=8 marks).
Section B: Creative Writing Skills and Applied Grammar Section
|In Long answer type questions, 2 questions
are to be answered out of three questions
by the students in 120-150 words each.
|Out of 2 Long Answer type questions,
1 questions are two be answered by
the students in 150-200 words each.
|Transformation of Sentences: 8 objective
Section C- Literature Section
- Out of 2 Short Answer type questions, one question has to be answered by the students in about 50-60 words. (2 marks)
- Out of 3 Short Answer type questions, two questions have to be answered in about 60-80 words. (8 marks= 4*2)
- Out of 3 Long Answer type questions, two questions have to be answered by the student in about 80-100 words, which test the deeper understanding, apprehension and interpretation skills of students. (10 marks= 5*2)
Section D- Fiction Section
- Out of 2 Short Answer type questions, one question needs to be answered in 60-80 words, which tests understanding, interpretation, evaluation and appreciation of characters, events, episodes and interpersonal relationships (4 marks).
- Out of 2 Long Answer type questions, one question needs to be answered about 120-160 words, which test deeper understanding, drawing inferences and apprehension. (6 marks).
The seminar part comprises of 20 marks, which includes, Presentation- a play /a short story/novel/ book review/ novella (tale, table, parable), Poetry Reading to be followed by interpretative tasks based on close reading and literary analysis of the text and Conducting a theatre workshop to be followed by a discussion.
Deleted Syllabus of English Class 12 CBSE 2020-2021: Elective
|Literature – Short Story||– Tomorrow
|Literature – Non Fiction||-Science Fiction
– Argumentative Indian
|Literature – Drama||Broken Images|
To get handy with the class 12 English syllabus- elective, you may download the below mentioned PDF-
Class 12 English Books 2021
While talking about class 12 English syllabus, one of the essential section of the final exam is section D or Literature. One can ace this particular division only by reading chapters and solving back exercises. It is essential for candidates to have a good understanding of chapters. Given below are the list of chapters covered in the books of English Core Class 12th.
|The Last Lesson||My Mother at Sixty Six|
|Lost Spring||An Elementary School|
|Deep Water||Keeping Quiet|
|The Rat Trap||A Thing of Beauty|
|Indigo||A Roadside Stand|
|Poets and Pancakes||Aunt Jennifer’s Tigers|
|The Third Level||The Tiger King|
|Journey to the End of the Earth||The Enemy|
|Should Wizard Hit Mommy||On the Face of It|
|Evans Tries An O-Level||Memories of Childhood|
|The Cutting of My Long Hair||We too are Human Beings|
Class 12 English Grammar Syllabus
Although the syllabus of Class 12 English DOES NOT include a seperate section on Grammar. But being familiar with common topics of Grammar will help you ace other sections of the exam. Here are some of the basic topics of Grammar that you can revise while preparing so that you can deliver answers without any grammatical error in the exam-
- Gap Filling
- Actice and Passive Voice
- Sentence re-ordering
- Dialogue Completion
- Sentence Transformation
Class 12 English Previous Year Questions 2019
Now that you are familiarized with the Class 12 English syllabus, here are some of the important questions from the CBSE Class 12 English 2019 Question Paper:
(a) How did Mahatma Gandhi help the Champaran peasants?
(b) How are Jansie and Sophie different from each other?
(c) How did Franz’s feelings about M. Hamel and school change?
Find even the ivory needle hard to pull
The massive weight of uncle’s wedding band
Sits heavily upon Aunt Jennifer’s hand.
(a) Why are Aunt Jennifer’s fingers fluttering through her wool ?
(b) What is Aunt Jennifer doing that she finds very hard to do ?
(c) Why does the wedding band seem too heavy ?
(d) What impression do you form of Aunt Jennifer from the extract ?
(a) What impression do you form of Dr. Sadao as a man and as a
surgeon after reading ‘The Enemy’?
(b) How did Mr. Lamb change Derry’s life?
(c) How did Zitkala-Sa fight against oppression?
(a) Describe the encounter between Colonel Adye and Griffin. (The
(b) Describe the tragic end of Griffin.
(c) How did the people of Raveloe react to Silas on his arrival?
(d) How did Eppie arrive at Silas’ Cottage?
(a) Mention any two long-term consequences of the drowning incident
(b) What does the poem ‘An Elementary Classroom in a Slum’ tell us
about the children?
(c) Describe the irony in Saheb’s name.
(d) How does the Governor convince the Secretary that Evans deserves
to take the O-level German examination?
(e) Why did the General not send Dr. Sadao to the war front where he
was most needed?
(f) How does Jo want the story to end and why? (Should Wizard Hit
These questions have been sourced from the official website of CBSE. You can explore the complete 2019 Class 12 English question paper by clicking here.
Class 12 English Sample Papers
Here are previous years’ sample papers provided by CBSE for Class 12 English Elective and English Core both.
|CBSE Sample Paper 2020-21 (Core)
CBSE Sample Paper 2020-21 (Elective)
|CBSE Sample Paper 2019-20 (Core)
CBSE Sample Paper 2019-20 (Elective)
|CBSE Sample Paper 2018-19 (Core)
CBSE Sample Paper 2018-19 (Elective)
|CBSE Sample Paper 2017-18 (Core)
CBSE Sample Paper 2017-18 (Elective)
|CBSE Sample Paper 2016-17 (Core)
CBSE Sample Paper 2016-17 (Elective)
Class 12 English Syllabus: UP Board
Before we check the class 12 English syllabus of the UP board, let us first understand its exam pattern and marks distribution-
-Figures of Speech
|Section B||-General English
Here is the syllabus of class 12 English for the UP borad-
- Explanation with reference to the context (one passage) (8 marks)
- One short answer type question (not to exceed 30 words) (4 marks)
- Vocabulary (based on text) (4 marks)
- Explanation with reference to the context (one extract) (8 marks)
- Central idea of any one poem (6 marks)
- One long answer type question (not to exceed 75 words) (8 marks)
- Two short answer type questions (answer not to exceed 30 words each) (8 marks)
Figures of Speech
- Definition of any one of the following with two examples- Simile, Metaphor, Personification, Apostrophe, Oxymoron, Onomatopoeia, Hyperbole (4 marks)
- Direct-Indirect Narration (2 marks)
- Synthesis (any one out of two) (2 marks)
- Transformation (any one out of two) (2 marks)
- Syntax (any two out of four) (2 marks)
- Synonyms (3 marks)
- Antonyms (3 marks)
- Homophones (2 marks)
- One word substitution (3 marks)
- Idioms and Phrases (3 marks)
- Hindi to English or
- Summary of brief passage, Brief description of a passage or
- Questions based on English Literature after 1500 AD (Published by Well & Company, An Outline History of English Literature by Hudson)
Note: Questions will be asked in the form of essay related to population, environment, health education and traffic rules
- A Girl with a Basket: William C. Douglas
- A Fellow-Traveller: A.G. Gardiner
- Secret of Health, Success and Power: James Allen
- The Home coming: R.N. Tagore
- I am John’s Heart: J.D. Ratcliff
- Women’s Education: S. Radha Krishnan
- The Heritage of India: A.L. Basham
- Character of a Happy Life: Sir Henry Wotton
- The True Beauty: Thomas Carew
- On His Blindness: John Milton
- From “An Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard”: Thomas Gray
- A Lament: P.B. Shelley
- La Belle Dame Sans Merci: John Keats
- From the Passing of Arthur: Alfred Lord Tennyson
- My Heaven: R. N. Tagore
- Stopping by Woods on a snowy Evening: Robert Frost
- The Song of the Free: Swami Vivekanand
English Short Stories
- The Gold Watch: Ponjikkara Raphy
- An Astrologer’s Day: R. K. Narayan
- The Lost Child: Mulk Raj Anand
- The Special Experience: Prem Chand
Hope the blog has delivered all that you need to know about class 12 English syllabus. If you are planning to study BA English or make a career in Foreign Language after 12th from leading universities abroad, seek guidance from Leverage Edu, our experts will push you forward towards your goal!