Class 12 English Syllabus

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Class 12 English Syllabus

Class 12 English Syllabus is divided into 2 parts – English Core and English Electives. The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) is the most sought-after board in India, provides a comprehensive Class 12 English Syllabus of both Core and Elective. While preparing for boards, you are also strengthening your English for competitive exams and can also help you build a career in Functional English. Through this blog, we will walk you through the syllabus and exam pattern for the class 12th board examination. 

Class 12 English Syllabus & Exam Pattern – Core 2021-2022

The class 12 English syllabus – Core, enables students to develop a good understanding of the language and literature. In the final examination, candidates are evaluated in terms of their Reading, Writing and Literature skills. Given below is the distribution of the same: 

Sections Distribution of Marks
Section A: Reading Comprehension 20
Section B: Writing Skills 30
Section C: Literature Section 30

Section A: Reading Comprehension

This Class 12 English syllabus section consists of two passages:

  • There will be 1 unseen passage given with a variety of Objective Type Questions, including MCQs and Short Answer type questions to test comprehension, interpretation, vocabulary and inference. From this unseen passage, 5 MCQs and 7 Objective type questions shall be asked. The passage will be of the total length of 800 – 900 words. The passage type could be Factual or Descriptive or Literary passage. (12 marks)
  • In the second passage, students are assessed in Note making and Abstraction. The distribution of marks: Note Making (4 marks) and Summary (4 marks).

Section B: Writing Skills

  • Notices, advertisement, Writing formal and informal invitations, designing or drafting posters. Out of the two Short Answer Questions (SAQs), one question is asked which consists of 4 marks.
  • Letters based on visual/verbal inputs- Student have to answer one question, out of the two Long Answer Questions (LAQs) which consists of 6 marks
  • There are 2 composition questions based on verbal/verbal input, which includes a speech /articles/debate or report- 2 LAQs containing internal choice, which is to be answered by students in 150-200 words. (20 marks each)

Section C- Literature Section 

  • 8 Objective type of questions(OTQs)-  four questions from one poetry and four from one prose extract to test comprehension and appreciation. (8 marks)
  • Out of 7 Short Answer type questions, students have to answer 5 questions, which are based on drama/poetry/ prose from both textbooks. (5*2=10 marks)
  • In Long Answer type questions, one question out of two Long Answer Questions (from textbook Flamingo) has to be answered by students in 120-150 words. (6 marks)
  • One question out of 2 Long Answer Questions (from textbook Flamingo) has to be answered by students in 120-150 words. (6 marks)

Deleted Syllabus of English Class 12 CBSE 2020-2021: Core

For the academic year 2020-2021, the syllabus for class 12th has been reduced 30%. Here are the portions reduced from English core-

Reading

  • Note Making & Summarizing

Literature

  • FLAMINGO
    • Poets and Pancakes 1. A Roadside Stand
    • The Interview
    • Going Places
  • VISTAS
    • The Tiger King
    • Journey to the end of the Earth
    • Memories of Childhood

Writing

  • Poster making
  • Business or official letters for making enquiries, registering complaints, asking for and giving information, placing orders and sending replies.
  • Speech, Debate

Class 12 English Syllabus CBSE 2021 PDF

To get handy with the class 12 English syllabus- core, you may download the below mentioned PDF-

Courtesy: Aman Dhattarwal

Class 12 English Syllabus & Pattern – Elective 2020- 2021

Class 12 English syllabus – Elective is an advanced version which focuses more on literary-oriented and covers various aspects of literature. CBSE Class 12 English syllabus – Elective consists of 4 sections. Given below, course structure of English Elective and distribution of marks for each section:

Sections Distribution of Marks
Section A- Reading Section 20
Section B- Creative Writing Skills and Applied Grammar Section 30
Section C- Literature Section 20
Section D- Fiction Section 10
Seminar 20

Section A: Reading Section

This section consists of passage (literary and discursive) of about 950-1000 words. Out of this passage, 12 questions are asked which comprises of MCQs. (12 marks= 121) and a poem about 24-28 lines, out of this poem, 4 short questions are asked to test the student’s interpretation and appreciation. (42=8 marks).

Section B: Creative Writing Skills and Applied Grammar Section

In Long answer type questions, 2 questions
are to be answered out of three questions
by the students in 120-150 words each.
(12 marks=2*6)
Out of 2 Long Answer type questions,
1 questions are two be answered by
the students in 150-200 words each.
(10 marks=2*5)
Transformation of Sentences: 8 objective
type questions
(8 marks=8*1)

Section C- Literature Section

  1. Out of 2 Short Answer type questions, one question has to be answered by the students in about 50-60 words. (2 marks)
  2. Out of 3 Short Answer type questions, two questions have to be answered in about 60-80 words. (8 marks= 4*2)
  3. Out of 3 Long Answer type questions, two questions have to be answered by the student in about 80-100 words, which test the deeper understanding, apprehension and interpretation skills of students. (10 marks= 5*2)

Section D- Fiction Section

  1. Out of 2 Short Answer type questions, one question needs to be answered in 60-80 words, which tests understanding, interpretation, evaluation and appreciation of characters, events, episodes and interpersonal relationships (4 marks).
  2. Out of 2 Long Answer type questions, one question needs to be answered about 120-160 words, which test deeper understanding, drawing inferences and apprehension. (6 marks).

Seminar

The seminar part comprises of 20 marks, which includes, Presentation- a play /a short story/novel/ book review/ novella (tale, table, parable), Poetry Reading to be followed by interpretative tasks based on close reading and literary analysis of the text and Conducting a theatre workshop to be followed by a discussion.

Deleted Syllabus of English Class 12 CBSE 2020-2021: Elective

Categories  Topics
Literature – Short Story  – Tomorrow
-One cm
Literature- Poetry Blood
Literature – Non Fiction -Science Fiction
– Argumentative Indian
Literature – Drama Broken Images

PDF Download

To get handy with the class 12 English syllabus- elective, you may download the below mentioned PDF-

Class 12 English Books 2021

While talking about class 12 English syllabus, one of the essential section of the final exam is section D or Literature. One can ace this particular division only by reading chapters and solving back exercises. It is essential for candidates to have a good understanding of chapters. Given below are the list of chapters covered in the books of English Core Class 12th.

Flamingo

Prose Poetry
The Last Lesson My Mother at Sixty Six
Lost Spring An Elementary School
Deep Water Keeping Quiet
The Rat Trap A Thing of Beauty
Indigo A Roadside Stand
Poets and Pancakes Aunt Jennifer’s Tigers
The Interview
Going Places

Vistas

The Third Level The Tiger King
Journey to the End of the Earth The Enemy
Should Wizard Hit Mommy On the Face of It
Evans Tries An O-Level Memories of Childhood
The Cutting of My Long Hair We too are Human Beings

Want to study BA English Literature?

Class 12 English Grammar Syllabus

Although the syllabus of Class 12 English DOES NOT include a seperate section on Grammar. But being familiar with common topics of Grammar will help you ace other sections of the exam. Here are some of the basic topics of Grammar that you can revise while preparing so that you can deliver answers without any grammatical error in the exam-

  • Gap Filling
  • Tenses 
  • Clauses
  • Modals 
  • Actice and Passive Voice
  • Sentence re-ordering
  • Dialogue Completion 
  • Sentence Transformation
  • Determiners

Class 12 English Previous Year Questions 2019

Now that you are familiarized with the Class 12 English syllabus, here are some of the important questions from the CBSE Class 12 English 2019 Question Paper:

1. You are Ramesh/Reena of Class XII. You are disturbed to see the poor plight of girls in society as they are not given equal rights and privileges. You decide to give a speech in the school assembly making suggestions as to how to improve their position in society. (150 – 200 words)

2. A sedentary lifestyle gives birth to a number of health problems. Write an article in 150 – 200 words for your school magazine on the importance of daily exercise.

3. Answer any one of the following questions in 120 – 150 words:
(a) How did Mahatma Gandhi help the Champaran peasants?
(b) How are Jansie and Sophie different from each other?
(c) How did Franz’s feelings about M. Hamel and school change?

4. Aunt Jennifer’s fingers fluttering through her wool
Find even the ivory needle hard to pull
The massive weight of uncle’s wedding band
Sits heavily upon Aunt Jennifer’s hand.

(a) Why are Aunt Jennifer’s fingers fluttering through her wool ?
(b) What is Aunt Jennifer doing that she finds very hard to do ?
(c) Why does the wedding band seem too heavy ?
(d) What impression do you form of Aunt Jennifer from the extract ?

5. Answer any one of the following questions in 120 – 150 words:

(a) What impression do you form of Dr. Sadao as a man and as a
surgeon after reading ‘The Enemy’?
(b) How did Mr. Lamb change Derry’s life?
(c) How did Zitkala-Sa fight against oppression?

6. Answer any one of the following questions in 120 – 150 words:

(a) Describe the encounter between Colonel Adye and Griffin. (The
Invisible Man)
(b) Describe the tragic end of Griffin.
(c) How did the people of Raveloe react to Silas on his arrival?
(d) How did Eppie arrive at Silas’ Cottage?

7. Answer any four of the following questions in 30 – 40 words each: (3*4 = 12 Marks)

(a) Mention any two long-term consequences of the drowning incident
for Douglas.
(b) What does the poem ‘An Elementary Classroom in a Slum’ tell us
about the children?
(c) Describe the irony in Saheb’s name.
(d) How does the Governor convince the Secretary that Evans deserves
to take the O-level German examination?
(e) Why did the General not send Dr. Sadao to the war front where he
was most needed?
(f) How does Jo want the story to end and why? (Should Wizard Hit
Mommy?)

These questions have been sourced from the official website of CBSE. You can explore the complete 2019 Class 12 English question paper by clicking here.

Class 12 English Sample Papers

Here are previous years’ sample papers provided by CBSE for Class 12 English Elective and English Core both.

Question Papers
CBSE Sample Paper 2020-21 (Core)
CBSE Sample Paper 2020-21 (Elective)
CBSE Sample Paper 2019-20 (Core)
CBSE Sample Paper 2019-20 (Elective)
CBSE Sample Paper 2018-19 (Core)
CBSE Sample Paper 2018-19 (Elective)
CBSE Sample Paper 2017-18 (Core)
CBSE Sample Paper 2017-18 (Elective)
CBSE Sample Paper 2016-17 (Core)
CBSE Sample Paper 2016-17 (Elective)

Class 12 English Syllabus: UP Board

Before we check the class 12 English syllabus of the UP board, let us first understand its exam pattern and marks distribution-

Sections Topics Maximum Marks
Section A -Prose
-Poetry
-Play
-Short Stories
-Figures of Speech
16
14
8
8
4
Section B -General English
-Vocabulary
-Translation
-Essay writing
8 marks
14
10
12

Here is the syllabus of class 12 English for the UP borad-

Section A

Prose

  • Explanation with reference to the context (one passage) (8 marks)
  • One short answer type question (not to exceed 30 words) (4 marks)
  • Vocabulary (based on text) (4 marks)

Poetry

  • Explanation with reference to the context (one extract) (8 marks)
  • Central idea of any one poem (6 marks)

Play

  • One long answer type question (not to exceed 75 words) (8 marks)

Short Stories

  • Two short answer type questions (answer not to exceed 30 words each) (8 marks)

Figures of Speech

  • Definition of any one of the following with two examples- Simile, Metaphor, Personification, Apostrophe, Oxymoron, Onomatopoeia, Hyperbole (4 marks)

Section B

General English

  • Direct-Indirect Narration (2 marks)
  • Synthesis (any one out of two) (2 marks)
  • Transformation (any one out of two) (2 marks)
  • Syntax (any two out of four) (2 marks)

Vocabulary

  • Synonyms (3 marks)
  • Antonyms (3 marks)
  • Homophones (2 marks)
  • One word substitution (3 marks)
  • Idioms and Phrases (3 marks)

Translation

  • Hindi to English or
  • Summary of brief passage, Brief description of a passage or
  • Questions based on English Literature after 1500 AD (Published by Well & Company, An Outline History of English Literature by Hudson)

Essay writing

Unseen Passage

Note: Questions will be asked in the form of essay related to population, environment, health education and traffic rules

Important Books

English Prose

  1. A Girl with a Basket: William C. Douglas
  2. A Fellow-Traveller: A.G. Gardiner
  3. Secret of Health, Success and Power: James Allen
  4. The Home coming: R.N. Tagore
  5. I am John’s Heart: J.D. Ratcliff
  6. Women’s Education: S. Radha Krishnan
  7. The Heritage of India: A.L. Basham

English Poetry

  1. Character of a Happy Life: Sir Henry Wotton
  2. The True Beauty: Thomas Carew
  3. On His Blindness: John Milton
  4. From “An Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard”: Thomas Gray
  5. A Lament: P.B. Shelley
  6. La Belle Dame Sans Merci: John Keats
  7. From the Passing of Arthur: Alfred Lord Tennyson
  8. My Heaven: R. N. Tagore
  9. Stopping by Woods on a snowy Evening: Robert Frost
  10. The Song of the Free: Swami Vivekanand

English Short Stories

  1. The Gold Watch: Ponjikkara Raphy
  2. An Astrologer’s Day: R. K. Narayan
  3. The Lost Child: Mulk Raj Anand
  4. The Special Experience: Prem Chand

Hope the blog has delivered all that you need to know about class 12 English syllabus. If you are planning to study BA English or make a career in Foreign Language after 12th from leading universities abroad, seek guidance from Leverage Edu, our experts will push you forward towards your goal!

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