Have you ever wondered how basic utilities in your house are made? How is the soap formed and how it is different from that used in the dishwasher? The answer to many such questions lies in the study of chemical engineering. While chemistry aims to explore the chemical components of our world, it’s interdisciplinary combination with engineering focuses more on developing efficient materials. Chemical engineering incorporates the principles of varied areas such as physics, chemistry, economics etc. for designing and producing chemicals and resources for our efficient and sustainable use. This blog brings you a comprehensive guide on what Chemical Engineering is, careers offered in this field as well as its top courses, colleges, scope in India and more!
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What is Chemical Engineering?
The matter in the world in infinite and vast. In very basic terms, Chemical engineers use chemical formulations along with physics, math, biology, and economics for the production, design, and transformation of energy and materials. Apart from this, chemical engineering is widely applicable in plastics, polymers, and synthetic fibre industries which involve chemical reactions and engineering in their manufacture. It is also used in the dyeing of fibre, production of pulp, paper and foodstuffs. With the growing advancements and problems in the world, this field also plays a crucial role in space exploration and can be helpful for sustaining our environment.
Chemical Engineering Subjects
This area of study involves anything and everything related to mass and matter. As the world unfolds with its inventions and discoveries, newer themes are constantly being added to this subject which makes it a broad discipline. Here are some of the major Chemical Engineering subjects:
- Catalysis and Reactions of biofuels
- Biomolecular and Biomedical Engineering
- Biochemical Engineering
- Cellular Engineering
- Computing and Simulation
- Electrochemical Engineering
- Polymers and Complex Fluids
- Petrochemical Engineering & Technology
- Sustainable Environmental Engineering
- Microfabricated Systems
Chemical Engineers are sought-after across varied industries like chemicals, energy, refined oil industries, biotechnology, pharmaceuticals, electronic device fabrication, environmental engineering, etc. Take a look at the most popular undergraduate, postgraduate and doctorate programs in this field:
|Undergraduate||Bachelors/BE in Chemical Engineering
Bachelors in Chem. Technology Engineering
BSc Chem. Eng. (Environment and Energy)
BSc Chem. Eng. (Chemical and Biomolecular)
Bachelors in Industrial Chemical Engineering
Bachelor of Chem. Eng./Bachelor of Mathematics
Bachelor of Engineering Honours (Chem. and Biomolecular)
|Postgraduate||Masters in Chem. Eng.
MSc in Petroleum Engineering
MSc in Chem. Eng. and Business
MSc in Chem. Eng. and Materials Science
Masters in Nanoscience, Materials and Processes
Masters in Chem. Eng. for Energy and Environment
MSc in Chem. and Materials Engineering
|Doctorate||Doctor of Philosophy (Chem. and Material Engineering)
PhD in Chemistry and Technology of Foodstuff
PhD Research in Chem. Eng.
PhD in Chem. Eng. and Analytical Science
As a field that requires heavy practical expertise and knowledge, you need to excel in your theory and laboratory subjects to gain an in-depth understanding of molecules and their applications on an industry level. To help you find the right academic institution for your chosen degree program, here are the top-ranked Chemical Engineering colleges and universities as per the QS World University Rankings 2020:
|Universities||QS World University Rankings 2020|
|Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)||1|
|University of Cambridge||3|
|The University of California, Berkeley (UCB)||4|
|ETH Zurich – Swiss Federal Institute of Technology||5|
|University of Oxford||6|
|California Institute of Technology (Caltech)||7|
|National University of Singapore (NUS)||9|
|Imperial College London||10|
Though the actual course requirements might vary as per the course and university, here are the major eligibility requirements for Chemical Engineering courses in India and abroad:
- For BE/BTech/BSc programs, candidates must have completed 10+2 in science stream from a recognized board. For applying for undergraduate programs in this field in India, you will be required to provide scores of Engineering entrance exams like JEE Mains, AIEEE, etc.
- For master’s degree courses, you must have a bachelor’s degree in the discipline or a related field and Indian universities also require GATE scores for admission.
- If you aspire to study a degree in this field abroad, you will have to submit Language Proficiency scores such as IELTS/TOEFL/PTE, etc. along with SAT or ACT for bachelor’s degree courses or GRE scores for master’s degree and PhD programs in this field. Apart from this, a Statement of Purpose and Letters of Recommendation are also required by universities abroad.
Careers in Chemical Engineering
This field provides lucrative job opportunities in many interesting and diverse sectors. The most sought-after careers in Chemical Engineering are:
- Analytical Chemist
- Energy Manager
- Environmental Engineer
- Manufacturing Engineer
- Materials Engineer
- Mining Engineer
- Project Managers
- Oil refineries
The average salary for Chemical Engineering Jobs ranges somewhere between 4 Lakhs to 12 Lakhs p.a.
Thus, we hope this blog helped you discover the aspects and details of chemical engineering. It is surely a rapidly growing and important field that requires many innovative minds. If you aim to study an Engineering degree abroad, our Leverage Edu experts are just a click away from helping you find a suitable course and university as per your requirements and career aspirations. Register for a free session with us today!