CBSE Exam Pattern

CBSE Exam Pattern

Secondary Education involves a lot of stress and pressure for students who are preparing for examinations. However, it is the most crucial phase of your life, a milestone to enter into the world of universities and colleges. We are quite aware that CBSE Exams 2020 are on their way to hit students in the first or second week of March. But the question is, “How to score well in the board exams?” or How will I complete my syllabus?” or “ Where should I start studying from?” and the list is endless. All these questions might be bombarding your mind and making you even more anxious about these upcoming exams. So, we have come up with the latest CBSE exam pattern for students to gear up for their preparation for these exams. 

New CBSE Exam Pattern 2020

The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has introduced some major changes in the exam pattern for 12th class students that aim to:

  • Improve the quality of education.
  • Strengthen their analytical and reasoning skills.
  • Discourage students from rote learning.
  • Improve the quality of schools and institutions to produce better results.

In the new guidelines released in the first week of March 2019, CBSE has directed to give more weightage to internal assessment, objective-based questions and internal choices in questions. Here’s a table to understand the key details of each of the categories of questions:

CategoryCBSE Exam Pattern and Marking
Internal AssessmentEach subject will have 25% of internal assessment. This means, out of a 100-mark question paper, 20 marks will be included in the internal assessment which will be divided into ‘theoretical exam’ and ‘project/practical work’.
Objective-based QuestionsThe examination will contain 25% of objective-type questions, including MCQs. This will allow students to easily secure at least 15 to 20 marks out of the total 80 mark examination. 
Internal Choices in QuestionsSame as in 2019, 33% of the questions in each section of all subject exams have internal choices which will be maintained in the CBSE exam pattern of 2020 as well. This will allow students to answer the questions which they know better and will reduce the difficulty level of the question paper by 33%.

Marking Scheme of the New CBSE Exam Pattern

Understanding of the new CBSE exam pattern should be given utmost priority as this helps students to understand better ways to write answer according to the latest examination scheme. Moreover, it allows students to manage their time effectively. We have formulated a list of subject-wise marking scheme as per the new CBSE exam pattern 2020 for all the three streams including Science, Commerce and Arts:

Science
SubjectMarking Scheme
PhysicsTotal Number of Questions: 37 Maximum Marks: 70 Marks for Practical Work: 30 
Very Short Answers (1 mark), Short Answers (2 marks), Long Answer I (3 marks) and Long Answers II (5 marks)
ChemistryTotal Number of Questions: 37Maximum Marks: 70Marks for Practical Work: 30
Very Short Answers (1 mark), Short Answers (2 marks), Long Answer I (3 marks) and Long Answers II (5 marks)
BiologyTotal Number of Questions: 27Maximum Marks: 70Marks for Practical Work: 30
Very Short Answers (2 marks), Short Answers I (2 marks), Short Answer II (3 marks) and Long Answers I (5 marks)
Commerce
Business StudiesTotal Number of Questions: 34Maximum Marks: 80 Marks for Practical Work: 20
MCQ or Objective-type Answers (1 mark), Short Answer I (3 marks), Short Answer II (4 marks), Long Answers I (5 marks) and Long Answers II (6 marks)
AccountancyTotal Number of Questions: 32Maximum Marks: 80Marks for Practical Work: 20 
MCQ or Objective-type Answers (1 mark), Short Answer I (3 marks), Short Answer II (4 marks), Long Answers I (6 marks) and Long Answers II (8 marks)
EconomicsTotal Number of Questions: 34Maximum Marks: 80Marks for Practical Work: 20
MCQ or Objective-type Answers (1 mark), Short Answer I (3 marks), Short Answer II (4 marks) and Long Answers I (6 marks)
Arts
GeographyTotal Number of Questions: 22Maximum Marks: 80Marks for Practical Work: 20
Very Short Answers (1 mark), Short Answers (2 marks), Long Answers (6 marks) and Map Question (5 marks)
HistoryTotal Number of Questions: 31Maximum Marks: 70Marks for Practical Work: 30 
MCQ or Objective-type Answers (1 mark), Short Answer (3 marks), Source-based Answer (6 marks), Long Answers (8 marks) and Map Question (6 marks)
Political ScienceTotal Number of Questions: 34Maximum Marks: 80Marks for Practical Work: 20
Very Short Answers (1 mark), Very Short Answers (2 marks), Short Answers (4 marks), Long Answers I (5 marks), Long Answers II (6 marks) and Map Question (5 marks)
SociologyTotal Number of Questions: 38Maximum Marks: 80Marks for Practical Work: 20
Learning Checks (1 mark), Very Short Answer (2 marks), Short Answer (4 marks) and Long Answers (6 marks)
PsychologyTotal Number of Questions: 32Maximum Marks: 70Marks for Practical Work: 30
MCQ or Objective-type Answers (1 mark), Very Short Answer (2 marks), Short Answer I (3 marks),  Short Answer II (4 marks) and Long Answers (6 marks) 
Other Common Subjects
EnglishTotal Number of Questions: 33Maximum Marks: 100
MCQ or Objective-type Answers (1 mark), Short Answer (2 marks), Short Answer (4 marks),  Long Answer (6 marks) and Very Long Answers (10 marks) 
MathsTotal Number of Questions: 36Maximum Marks: 80 marksMarks for Practical Work: 20
Very Short Answer (1 marks), Short Answers (2 marks), Long Answer (4 marks) and Long Answer (6 marks)

Also Read: CBSE 12th Class Result

We hope you are now familiar with the latest CBSE exam pattern to help you make the best use of the details while preparing for your class 12th exam in the coming year. Planning to study abroad after 12th? Our counsellors at Leverage Edu are here to guide you through your career after 12th, from choosing the right course as per your interest to the most suitable university or colleges. 

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