BSc Geology

5 minute read
BSc Geology

Are you curious about what’s happening inside the physical core of the earth? Do you wonder about the chemical and geological processes of our planet? If so, then you have come to the right blog! Geology can be simply understood as the science of the Earth dealing with the physical and chemical properties of the rocks, the minerals, the water resources, and several distinct solid objects present inside/on the earth’s surface. Geology as a study is not limited to only our planet earth but it includes the other celestial bodies as well. It also incorporates the diverse and distinct objects of space such as meteors, comets, satellites, and other planets like Mars, Jupiters, Saturn, Uranus, etc. Examining them on a physical and chemical basis through different parameters is a part of Geology. If you are planning to pursue a career in this vastly extensive field, a BSc in Geology is an ideal course, to begin with. Through this blog, we aim to provide you with the key essentials of a BSc Geology, the course structure, and syllabus as well as top global universities you can pursue this course.

Course Level Undergraduate Course
Full-Form Bachelor of Science- Geology
Duration 3 years
Examination Type Semester type
Eligibility 10+2 with PCM/PCB and English with min 55% marks
Admission Process Merit-based
Course Fees INR 10,000 to INR 70,000
Average Salary (INR) 4,00,000 – 6,00,000

What is Geology?

Geology examines the compositions of the Earth and the processes it has been going through for the last 4.5 billion years with innumerable reactions going on inside it. Further, it identifies the nature of celestial bodies, how they are different from our earth and the possible matter and elements are they composed of. It also explores the compositions of innumerable useful natural resources found inside the Earth such as coal, petroleum, minerals, etc. 

Who is a Geologist?

Geologists are the scientists who study the terrestrial bodies inside out and extract the details of the matter present inside the earth. By analyzing the distinct material present on the Earth, the Geologists frame out the possible elucidations for factors like human evolution, distribution of natural resources, earth’s internal structure, earth’s age, drastic climate changes many environmental problems. Inspecting and exploring their physical and chemical properties and maintaining the data for further analysis are some other tasks carried out by Geologists.

Course Structure of BSc Geology

BSc Geology is an undergraduate three-year program that can be pursued after completing the 12th standard from the Science stream. The course offers a profound study of the Earth and its different physicochemical aspects. It also includes field case studies for the investigation of the earth’s compositions. BSc Geology as a course includes the study of Palaeontology, Mineralogy, Petrology, and Structural Geology. All this combined with fieldwork makes the slightest plausibility of monotony vanish by making you enter a world deep inside the earth.

Syllabus of BSc Geology

BSc Geology encompasses a multitude of disciplines spanning the specialized areas of Petrology, Hydrogeology, etc. Here is a list of major subjects covered in a BSc Geology course:

  • Geochemistry
  • Mineral Science
  • Earth Science
  • Structural Geology
  • Paleontology
  • Sedimentary Petrology
  • Igneous Petrology
  • Stratigraphic principles
  • Hydrogeology
  • Indian Stratigraphy
  • Remote Sensing and GIS
  • Economic Geology
  • Metamorphic Petrology
  • Engineering Geology

BSc Geology Entrance Exams

  • JET
  • NPR
  • BHU AT
  • SUAT
  • CUET

BSc Geology Eligibility Criteria

All applicants for the BSc Geology program must meet the requirements for eligibility set out by the college. The essential requirements for qualifying are:

  • Candidates must have earned at least a 55 percent grade in their HSC (10+2) from a recognized board.
  • Candidates should have studied English as well as one of the following primary subjects: Physics, Chemistry, Biology, or Mathematics.
  • Candidates from restricted categories may receive a 5 percent mark reduction.

BSc Geology Books

Book Name Author
Igneous Petrology J.D. Winter
Structural Geology SK Ghosh
Geology of Petroleum Arville Irving Levorsen
Exploring Geology Reynolds
Essentials of Geology Fredrick K. Lutgens
Foundations of Earth Science Fredrick K. Lutgens
Sedimentary Petrology S.M. Sengupta
Elements of Geology S.M. Mathur
Geochemistry Mason and Moore

Colleges/Universities Offering BSc Geology

A good university can carve your curiosity into your skill. Following is the list of top universities and colleges offering BSc Geology courses:

  • University of Alberta, Canada
  • University of Birmingham, UK
  • University College London, UK
  • University of Queensland, Australia
  • Delft University of Technology, Netherlands
  • University of Northampton, UK
  • Australian National University, Australia
  • California Institute of Technology, USA
  • New Jersey Institute of Technology, USA
  • Charles Darwin University, Australia
  • James Cook University, Australia
  • Charles Sturt University, Australia
  • University of Sheffield, UK
  • California State University-Fresno Campus, USA

BSc Geology Top Colleges

Name of the Institute  Location  Average Annual Fees (INR) 
Hansraj College Delhi 21,395
Fergusson College Pune 12,000
Ram Lal Anand College Delhi 21,000
M G Science Institute Ahmedabad  18000
Presidency College Chennai  1,262
Dibrugarh University Assam  20,000
Presidency University Kolkata  4,391
Banaras Hindu University Varanasi  1,982
Parul University Vadodara  30,000

Career Opportunities in Geology

Once you have completed BSc in Geology, there are an infinite number of fields you can build your career in. Great employment opportunities are available in the industries of oil, mineral, gas, and natural resources along with the educational sector. A job in this field would not limit you to the desk but rather will indulge you in fieldwork. Mineralogy, Hydrology, Volcanology, and Oceanography are some of the commonly chosen fields that attract many Geology graduates  

BSc Geology Job Prospects and Career Options

Job Profile Average Salary (INR)
Paleontologist 5.5 LPA
Geologist 5 LPA
Petroleum Geologists 8 LPA
Mine Supervisors 2.36 LPA
Hydrogeologist 5.91 LPA
Marine Geologist 7 LPA

BSc Geology Future Scope

Candidates have a wide range of prospects and professional alternatives with a BSc in geology.

  • Higher education is an option for students. They can choose to pursue an M.Sc. in a related discipline. After completing a BSc in Geology, there are several M.Sc. specializations, including mineralogy and paleontology.
  • Students have a variety of governmental and private sector work options. Although the salary offered for entry-level positions is respectable, you may always earn more with more experience.
  • Exams for several government services, such as the UPSC, can also be taken by students.
  • Students may pursue PhD degrees after earning their MSc degrees.

A course like BSc Geology is perfect for those passionate about digging deeper into the depths of the earth. If you are searching for courses in Geology, you can always reach out to our experts at Leverage Edu and we’ll guide you in choosing the right program and university that aligns with your interests and career aspirations.

Leave a Reply

Required fields are marked *



10,000+ students realised their study abroad dream with us. Take the first step today.
Talk to an expert