BSc Ecology

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All About BSc Ecology-02

Ecology is a branch of biology that deals with the study of organisms and how they interact with the environment around them. The many specialities within ecology, such as marine, vegetation, and statistical ecology provide us with information to better understand the world around us and help us improve our environment, manage our natural resources, and protect human health. In this blog, we delve into the details of BSc Ecology including the top universities, eligibility, and scope after graduation!

Full form Bachelor of Science in Ecology
Duration 3 years
Eligibility 10+2 (Science Stream)
Further Study Options MSc Ecology, PhD
Job Roles Automotive Engineer, Control System Engineer, Software Engineer, Robotics Engineer, Aerospace Engineer, Mechanical Design Engineer, etc.
Average Salary in India INR 4,00,000 -12,00,000 

What is BSc Ecology?

Bachelor of Science in Ecology is a 3-year undergraduate program. Ecology is the study of how humans, animals and plants interact with each other and their environment, and how this determines their abundance, distribution and the biodiversity and sustainability we see on the planet. It also involves the climate crisis as well as what we can do to manage natural resources in the face of changing environments. A bachelor’s in Ecology helps to understand the past, present and future of life on Earth, the causes and consequences of biological variation at all levels, and the underlying rules that govern change and stasis in natural systems. It also includes the study of a variety of bioscience topics like plant science, biotechnology and zoology, to neuroscience, genetics and physiology. Students who are curious and care about the natural world should consider pursuing this course.

Also Read: Career in Ecology and Environment

Subjects/Courses under BSc Ecology

Subjects & syllabi differ depending on the university, specialisation and other factors. Here are some of the common subjects you may study in BSc Ecology:

  • Climate Change and Sustainability
  • Principles of Ecology and Conservation
  • Skills in Biology
  • Ecological identification skills
  • Animal and Plant Science Tutorials
  • Conservation Principles
  • Plant Habitat and Distribution
  • Population and Community Ecology 
  • Conservation Issues and Management
  • Topics in Modern Ecology
  • Animal and plant biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Biotechnology
  • Cell Biology
  • Development, Regeneration and Stem Cells
  • Ecology
  • Evolutionary Biology
  • Genetics
  • Immunology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Molecular Genetics
  • Plant Science
  • Zoology

Check out: How to become an Ecologist?

Top Universities for BSc Ecology

Various universities abroad offer a Bachelor’s degree in ecology that will help you kickstart your career as an ecologist. Here is a list of those top 20 universities around the world according to the subject Biological Sciences as ranked by QS World University Rankings 2022:

University  Location
Harvard University Cambridge, United States
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Cambridge, United States
University of Cambridge Cambridge, United Kingdom
Stanford University Stanford, United States
University of Oxford Oxford, United Kingdom
The University of California, Berkeley (UCB) Berkeley, United States
ETH Zurich – Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zürich, Switzerland
Yale University New Haven, United States
The University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) Los Angeles, United States
The University of California, San Diego (UCSD) San Diego, United States
California Institute of Technology (Caltech) Pasadena, United States
Cornell University Ithaca, United States
Imperial College London London, United Kingdom
University of California San Francisco, United States
UCL London, United Kingdom
University of Toronto Toronto, Canada
National University of Singapore (NUS) Singapore
University of Tokyo Tokyo, Japan
Columbia University New York City, United States
The University of Edinburgh Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Top Universities in India for Studying Ecology

India is home to top institutions in the world for ecology that provide bachelor’s and master’s degrees at affordable prices. The top 10 universities in India for ecology are:

  • Forest Research Institute
  • Indian Institute of Science
  • University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad
  • Banaras Hindu University
  • University of Delhi
  • Annamalai University
  • University of Calcutta
  • North-Eastern Hill University
  • Aligarh Muslim University
  • Pondicherry University

Admission Requirements for BSc Ecology

To pursue BSc in Ecology, you must be able to fulfil the eligibility criteria set by the respective university. The general eligibility requirements for pursuing BSc in Ecology are as mentioned below:

  • You must have passed class 12th in the science stream with Biology, Chemistry and Physics/Mathematics from a recognized board. Minimum marks to enter the program are specified by the university.
  • If you are planning to study abroad, you have to give English language proficiency tests like IELTS/ TOEFL/ PTE and clear the minimum score requirement specified by the chosen university. Join Leverage Live to score High in English Language Tests. 

Entrance Exams

Below mentioned are the entrance exams required for pursuing BSc in Ecology:

  • NPAT
  • CUET
  • SET

Courses after BSc Ecology

After completing a BSc in Ecology, you can continue your studies and pursue a masters degree in Ecology that will not only help you gain more knowledge and broaden your skills but boost your career and pay. Also, if you pursued a general bachelor’s degree in Biology, a master’s in ecology could help you specialize in that field. There are also PhD Ecology courses that you can pursue if you choose so.

Source- Leverage Edu

If you need help with applying for the BSc Ecology program at top universities abroad, feel free to contact Leverage Edu for end-to-end counselling and a hassle-free study abroad journey!

Documents Checklist

The following documents are required while applying for BSc Ecology:

Source- Leverage Edu

Career Scope

Ecologists are employed in fields of research and consultancy, biotechnology and health, working for public bodies and charities, or in research and development in leading organizations around the world. After pursuing BSc in Ecology, you can be employed as-

  • Field Ecologist
  • Restoration Ecologist
  • Park Naturalist
  • Marine Biologist
  • Environmental Consultant
  • Environmental Protection Specialist
  • Natural Resource Manager

Average Salary

The average annual base salary of an Ecologist in India ranges from INR 3,00,000 to INR 7,00,000. Whereas in the United States the average annual salary is about $70,000 (INR 52 lakhs).


Q1. What are the subjects covered in BSc Ecology?

Ans. BSc Ecology covers subjects like Physics, Chemistry, Soil Science, Biology, Geology, and Geography in their course curriculum.

Q2. What is the scope of Ecology?

Ans. Ecology is the study of the interactions of living things with their environment. Ecologists ask questions across four levels of biological organization—organismal, population, community, and ecosystem. At the organismal level, ecologists study individual organisms and how they interact with their environments.

Q3. Are Ecologists high in demand?

Ans. Employment of environmental scientists and specialists is projected to grow 5 percent from 2021 to 2031, about as fast as the average for all occupations.

BSc Ecology can open doors to an array of opportunities across sectors. If you want to attain overseas education in this field but are not sure at which university to study then take the assistance of Leverage Edus experts. Call us at 1800572000 to book your FREE 30-minute counselling session today!

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