NCERT Biology Class 11 Syllabus

Biology Class 11 Syllabus

Biology is one of the most interesting subjects as it makes us delve deeper into flora and fauna. Chosen by a majority of MBBS aspirants, it opens up a plethora of career options for the students which they can explore to achieve career aspirations. Considered as one of the most tantalizing branches of Science, it is a discipline which elucidates one regarding various underlying principles that are vital in the functioning of plants and humans. If you are intrigued by the insights domian, here is a blog to help you with NCERT Biology class 11 syllabus.

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Diversity in Living World 

Main topics under this section of the NCERT biology class 11 syllabus are what is living?; need for classification; three domain of life; taxonomy and systematics; binomial nomenclature; tools for taxonomy; salient features of five kingdoms and its classification; salient features and classification of Monera: Protista and Fungi into major groups; classification of plants into major groups like Algae. Bryophytes, Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms and Angiosperm; a detailed description of the classification of animals into non chordate up to phyla level and chordate up to class level etc.

Structural Organization in Animals and Plants 

You will get to study the following topics under the NCERT Biology class 11 syllabus- Anatomy and functions of different parts of flowering plants: Root, Stem, Leaf inflorescence; fruit, flower and seed Animal tissues;  Morphology; Morphology and modifications; Anatomy and Function of different systems (digestive, respiratory, nervous, circulatory, reproductive) of a cockroach etc

Cell Structure and Function

Cell Theory and cell as the basic unit of life; cell organelles-structure and function; the structure of Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cells; Plant cell and Animal Cell; Cell wall; Endomembrane system: Golgi bodies, endoplasmic reticulum, lysosomes, vacuoles; Mitochondrial; Microbodies; Plastids; Cytoskeleton; Nucleus -Nuclear membrane, chromatin, nucleolus; Biomolecules- structure and function of Proteins, Carbohydrates, lipid, Nucleic Acid; chemical constituents of Living Cells;  Enzymes- properties, types and Enzyme action; Cell Division: Cell cycle, Meiosis. Mitosis and their significance etc are the main topics you will learn through this unit of NCERT biology class 11 syllabus.

Plant Physiology 

This unit aims to explain the below mentioned concepts from the NCERT Biology class 11 syllabus- Plant-  water relation, water potential, osmosis, Imbibition, plasmolysis; Transpiration- Opening and Closing of Stomata, Uptake and translocation of Mineral nutrients- Transport of food, phloem transport, mass flow hypothesis, Diffusion of gases; Cell to cell transport- Diffusion, facilitated diffusion, active transport; Transport in Plant: Movement of gases, water and nutrients; Deficiency symptoms Nitrogen metabolism- Nitrogen cycle, biological nitrogen fixation; Mineral Nutrition: Essential minerals, micro and macronutrients and their role. 

Topics like Respiration: exchange of gases; Cellular respiration- glycolysis, fermentation, TCA cycle and electron transport system; Energy Relations: number of ATP molecules generated; Respiratory Quotient; Amphibolic Pathways; Plant Growth and Development- Seed germination; sequence of developmental process in a plant cell; seed democracy; Photoperiodism; Vernalisation; differentiation, differentiation, redifferentiation; Conditions of Plant growth are also major inclusions of this unit.

Human Physiology

Prominent topics of the NCERT Biology class 11 syllabus of this chapter are Role fo  digestive enzymes and gastrointestinal hormones; Absorption, digestion, peristalsis and assimilation of Proteins; Carbohydrates and Fats; Egestion; Nutritional and Digestive disorders- PEM, constipation, vomiting, jaundice, indigestion, diarrhoea; Digestion and Absorption- digestive gland and alimentary glands; Calorific value of proteins, carbohydrates and fats, the calorific value of proteins, fats, carbohydrates; Respiratory systems in humans; Mechanisms of breathing and its regulation in humans- Exchange of gases, transport of gases and regulation of respiratory; Disorders related to respirations- Asthma, Occupational, Emphysema, Respiratory disorders; Body Fluids etc

This unit under the NCERT Biology class 11 syllabus also explains the concepts like Body fluids and circulation; Human Circulatory system; Cardiac Cycle; ECG; Double Circulation; Human Circulatory System- Structure of Human Heart and Blood Vessels; Cardiac Output; Regulation of Cardiac Activity; Disorder of Circulatory Systems- Hypertension; Coronary Artery Disease; Heart failure; Neural Control and Coordination; Nervous Systems in Human; Locomotion and Movement; Disorder of muscular and Skeletal Systems; Chemical coordination and regulations; Human Endocrine System; Mechanism of Hormone Action; Skeletal Systems and its functions; sense organs; sensory perceptions; Diseases like Osteoporosis; Arthritis; Gout; Tetany; Regulation of Cardiac Activity; Composition of Lymph and its Functions etc.

Reference Books for Biology Class 11 

Sometimes understanding concepts become difficult from the NCERT text book and students are in need of extra study material. In such cases, candidates can seek help from reference books. Here is a list of the popular books that can help you in decoding complex topics of Biology: 

Trueman’s Elementary Biology vol. 1 by MP Tyagi and KN Bhatia Click Here to Buy!
Modern ABCs Biology Part 1 and 2 class 11
by BB Arora and AK Sabharwal 
Click Here to Buy!
Dinesh Companion Biology Class 11 by K BhattiClick Here to Buy!
Oswal Book Series Click Here to Buy!
Pradeep for Biology Click Here to Buy!

We hope this blog on NCERT Biology class 11 syllabus has provided you with ample information to began your preparation. Want to know about which career path will be the best for you, reach out to our experts at Leverage Edu and they will clear all your career queries.  

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