One of the popular courses in Alternative Medicine, Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery (BAMS) is an integrated undergraduate degree program designed to familiarise students with the concept of Ayurveda and its application in treating illnesses. Ayurveda is one of the ancient medical systems and can be traced back to the Indian Vedic period. It not only cures diseases but also prevents the recurrence of a disease. According to the Ayurvedic Chakra, there are only three kinds of dysfunctions and disorders in the human body, i.e. Kapha, Pitta, and Vata. BAMS is a professional undergraduate degree program in the ancient ayurvedic medical system which comprises the prevention and cure several illnesses by increasing the harmony of Kapha, Pitta, and Vata. Let’s delve deeper into this specialised program in Alternative Medicine by understanding the various aspects of BAMS along with top colleges offering this program around the globe.

Overview of BAMS

Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery (BAMS) is a 5.5-year full-time undergraduate degree program focusing on the study of Ayurveda which is an ancient system of holistic healthcare. The dysfunctions in the body are called Dosha in ayurvedic terminology and these Doshas are Kapha (water and earth), Pitta (fire and water), and Vata (air and space). Students get to learn about various ayurvedic methods that are useful for curing human disorders and diseases. Here is a list of major subjects covered in a BAMS program:

History of Ayurvedic System

A BAMS course provides students with detailed knowledge of ancient medical and holistic healthcare principles and ayurvedic treatments. Students learn about various Ayurvedic methods through which the natural healing capacity of the human body can be enhanced. Moreover, it also includes various medicinal applications which are helpful in reducing symptoms, eliminating impurities, increasing the resistance of a disease, etc.  

Basic Principles of Ayurveda 

As an age-old system of holistic healthcare, Ayurveda encompasses several practices and applications that are useful in wound healing, medical treatments and strengthening body immunity.

Here is a list of key principles of Ayurveda which will be elaborated during a BAMS course:

  1. The Trigunas: The three universal energies of Satva, Rahas, and Tamas.
  2. The PanchaMahabhutas: The five basic elements that form the world, i.e. Akash (sky), Vayu (air), Agni (fire), Jala (water), and Prithvi (earth). 
  3. The Tridoshas: The three body humours, i.e. Kapha, Pitta, and Vata.
  4. The Sapta Dhatus: The seven types of body tissues, i.e. Rasa Dhatu (fluid), Rakta Dhatu (blood), Mamsa Dhatu, Meda Dhatu (fat), Asthi Dhatu, Majja Dhatu and Sukra Dhatu. 
  5. The Trayodosagni: The digestive fires, i.e. Jatharagni, Saptdhatvagni, and Panchbhutani.


Anatomy is a specialised branch of Natural Science which deals with the structural organisation of living organisms. A BAMS program provides students with in-depth knowledge of observing injuries and disorders in the human body. Further, you will get to learn about various Ayurvedic methods to cure injuries and treat various disorders in the human body.

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Pathology is one of the important aspects of Ayurveda treatment and studies the causes of several diseases. It comprises of diagnosis and analysis of a disease to understand its impact on the physical structure of the human body. While pursuing a BAMS course, students are provided with various aspects of ancient medical pathology as well as their application in diagnosing and treating various diseases.

If you are planning to pursue a program in Medicine, here is a list of various medical courses offered around the world in Alternative Medicine:

Hence, Ayurveda is a rich Indian legacy filled with valuable medicinal treatments and methods that can play a key role in finding remedies and cures to fatal diseases and body disorders. We hope that this blog on BAMS helped you in gathering information about this popular course in the field of Alternative Medicine. If you’re planning to pursue a Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery or any other medical course, get in touch with our Leverage Edu mentors and we’ll help you select an ideal medical school that can equip you with the right knowledge and skills of a medical practitioner.

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