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One of the popular courses in Alternative Medicine, Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery (BAMS) is an integrated undergraduate degree program designed to familiarise students with the concept of Ayurveda and its application in treating illnesses. Ayurveda is one of the ancient medical systems and can be traced back to the Indian Vedic period. It not only cures diseases but also prevents the recurrence of a disease. According to the Ayurvedic Chakra, there are only three kinds of dysfunctions and disorders in the human body, i.e. Kapha, Pitta, and Vata. BAMS is a professional undergraduate degree program in the ancient ayurvedic medical system which comprises the prevention and cure of several illnesses by increasing the harmony of Kapha, Pitta, and Vata. Let’s delve deeper into this specialised program in Alternative Medicine by understanding the various aspects of BAMS along with top colleges offering this program around the globe.

Particulars Details
Degree Level Undergraduate
Course Duration 5 Years
Minimum Academic Requirement Class 12 with Physics, Chemistry and Biology (Medical Stream)
Subject Requirement Physics, Chemistry and Biology
Minimum Aggregate Score Requirement 50 per cent or More
Frequency of Exam Annual
Admission/ Selection Process Entrance Exam Based
Exams Accepted NEET, OJEE, KEAM, etc
Average Course Fee Rs 20,000 – Rs 3,00,000 per year
Average Initial Salary Rs 3 Lakh per annum – Rs 15 Lakh per annum
Job Roles Business Development Officer, Ayurvedic Doctor, Category Manager, Resident Medical Officer, Jr. Clinical Trial Coordinator, Medical Representative, etc.
Areas of Employment Government/Private Hospitals, Nursing Homes, Ayurvedic Clinics, Own Businesses, Wellness Centres, etc

Overview of BAMS

Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery (BAMS) is a 5.5-year full-time undergraduate degree program focusing on the study of Ayurveda which is an ancient system of holistic healthcare. The dysfunctions in the body are called Dosha in ayurvedic terminology and these Doshas are Kapha (water and earth), Pitta (fire and water), and Vata (air and space). Students get to learn about various ayurvedic methods that are useful for curing human disorders and diseases. Here is a list of major subjects covered in a BAMS program:

History of the Ayurvedic System

A BAMS course provides students with detailed knowledge of ancient medical and holistic healthcare principles and ayurvedic treatments. Students learn about various Ayurvedic methods through which the natural healing capacity of the human body can be enhanced. Moreover, it also includes various medicinal applications which are helpful in reducing symptoms, eliminating impurities, increasing the resistance to a disease, etc.  

Advantages of Pursuing BAMS

Candidates will have the opportunity to work in famous government organisations and hospitals after completing BAMS. This government position is equivalent to a doctor’s salary. The Indian government allows BAMS graduates to start their own Ayurvedic pharmacy or clinic after they graduate. After earning a BAMS, students can pursue a PhD or MD in Ayurveda or related fields and find employment with prestigious Ayurvedic businesses like Himalaya. Understanding the origins and applications of Ayurveda in our daily lives will help with the transition to a healthy lifestyle, in addition to work and career options.

Skills Required

Skillset for BAMS
Interest in medicinal property of herbs Empathy
Patience Observation
Concentration Counselling ability
Decision-making ability

Basic Principles of Ayurveda 

As an age-old system of holistic healthcare, Ayurveda encompasses several practices and applications that are useful in wound healing, medical treatments and strengthening body immunity.

Here is a list of key principles of Ayurveda which will be elaborated during a BAMS course:

  1. The Trigunas: The three universal energies of Satva, Rahas, and Tamas.
  2. The PanchaMahabhutas: The five basic elements that form the world, i.e. Akash (sky), Vayu (air), Agni (fire), Jala (water), and Prithvi (earth). 
  3. The Tridoshas: The three-body humour, i.e. Kapha, Pitta, and Vata.
  4. The Sapta Dhatus: The seven types of body tissues, i.e. Rasa Dhatu (fluid), Rakta Dhatu (blood), Mamsa Dhatu, Meda Dhatu (fat), Asthi Dhatu, Majja Dhatu and Sukra Dhatu. 
  5. The Trayodosagni: The digestive fires, i.e. Jatharagni, Saptdhatvagni, and Panchbhutani.


Anatomy is a specialised branch of Natural Science that deals with the structural organisation of living organisms. A BAMS program provides students with in-depth knowledge of observing injuries and disorders in the human body. Further, you will get to learn about various Ayurvedic methods to cure injuries and treat various disorders in the human body.


Pathology is one of the important aspects of Ayurveda treatment and studies the causes of several diseases. It comprises of diagnosis and analysis of disease to understand its impact on the physical structure of the human body. While pursuing a BAMS course, students are provided with various aspects of ancient medical pathology as well as their application in diagnosing and treating various diseases.

If you are planning to pursue a program in Medicine, here is a list of various medical courses offered around the world in Alternative Medicine:

Eligibility Criteria for BAMS

  • Aspirants must pass Class XII in the Science stream with PCB (Physics, Chemistry, and Biology) subjects in order to enrol in the BAMS programme in Indian institutions and universities.
  • The minimal number of students in Class XII needed to be admitted to a BAMS course is typically between 50% and 60%. However, a college or university’s policy will determine how low a proportion must be.
  • A minimum age restriction may also be part of a university’s BAMS eligibility requirements.

Candidates who meet the aforementioned eligibility requirements must take the National Eligibility Cumulation Entrance Test (NEET) and pass it in order to be considered. Centralized counselling based on the NEET merit list is how students are admitted to the BAMS programme.

BAMS Admission Process

Admission to BAMS is based on NEET (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test). BAMS is one of the several medical programmes that currently demand this entrance exam. Following NEET, BAMS applicants will be qualified to receive an invitation for centralised counselling to choose a college in accordance with their results. Colleges can then undertake a round of in-person interviews to further whittle down the applicant pool.

There are no specialisations available for the BAMS programme. Postgraduate programmes in Ayurveda Medicine and Surgery require candidates to choose domains. M.S. (Master of Surgery) (Ayurveda) and M.D. (Doctor of Medicine) are two of these programmes (Ayurveda).

In MS (Ayurveda) and MD (Ayurveda) programmes, candidates can choose from the specialisations mentioned below.

  • Padartha Vigyan
  • Sharir Rachana
  • Sharir Kriya
  • Swasthavritta
  • Rasa Shastra
  • Agad Tantra
  • Rog Vikriti Vigyan
  • Charak Samhita
  • Prastuti and Stri Roga
  • Kaumara Bhritya
  • Kayachikitsa
  • Shallya Tantra
  • Shalakya Tantra
  • Charak Samhita

Course Curriculum for BAMS

A bachelor’s degree in BAMS takes five years and six months to complete. The total length of the programme is 4.5 years, including one year of internship. Three professional courses lasting 1.5 years each make up the 4.5 years of academic study. The following topics are covered in the first professional course for students:

  • History of the Ayurvedic system
  • Basic principles of Ayurveda
  • Anatomy
  • Physiology

In the second professional course, students are taught about subjects such as:

  • Toxicology 
  • Pharmacology 
  • Ayurvedic Pharmaceutical Science

In the third and final professional course, students are taught about modern medicine subjects such as:

  • Modern anatomy
  • Principle of surgery
  • ENT
  • Skin
  • Obstetrics 
  • Gynaecology
  • Paediatrics
  • Internal Medicine

BAMS Fee Structure

Year/Process Fee in Rupees
BAMS first-year fee 50,000 to 70,000
BAMS full course fee without yearly charges 3,00,000 to 4,00,000
BAMS full course fee with yearly charges 5,00,000 to 6,00,00

Top Recruiters

Top Recruiters for BAMS Graduates
Patanjali Ayurved Limited Dabur
The Himalaya Drug Company Zandu Pharmaceuticals Works Limited
Surya Herbal Limited Vicco Laboratories
Charak Pharma Private Limited Emami Limited
Hamdard Laboratories Baidyanath

BAMS Salary

  • Earnings for BAMS graduates range from INR 4,00,000 to INR 12,00,00 annually.
  • In government organisations, BAMS graduates are well-paid, however, in the private sector, salaries for BAMS graduates range widely depending on the company, from INR 4,00,000 to INR 8,00,000.
  • Salary is based on a person’s skills, background, job description, and other criteria.


Is BAMS a doctor degree?

The BAMS (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery) degree qualifies the applicant to use the title of doctor and to work in private practice. The government sector also offers employment prospects. One can work as an ayurvedic pharmacist in a government hospital for Ayurveda.

Which is best MBBS or BAMS?

This must be taken into consideration, as earning an MBBS would broaden your employment prospects by allowing you to specialise in several medical conditions or even just one. On the other hand, if you pursue BAMS, you will only be able to treat with Ayurveda and even then, only initially.

Is BAMS equivalent to MBBS?

They are equivalent but both fields have different paths to treating patients. In India, the undergraduate programme in medicine is known as MBBS or Bachelor of Surgery and Bachelor of Medicine. It is the route taken in the nation to become a doctor of modern medicine.

Hence, Ayurveda is a rich Indian legacy filled with valuable medicinal treatments and methods that can play a key role in finding remedies and cures to fatal diseases and body disorders. We hope that this blog on BAMS helped you in gathering information about this popular course in the field of Alternative Medicine. If you’re planning to pursue a Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery or any other medical course, get in touch with our Leverage Edu mentors and we’ll help you select an ideal medical school that can equip you with the right knowledge and skills for a medical practitioner.

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