Agricultural Engineering is the discipline of engineering that deals with the design, development, and improvement of farm machinery and equipment. Agricultural Engineers make use of various disciplines like Mechanical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Food Science Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Software Engineering, etc. to improve the farming techniques or to help agri-related businesses. Agricultural Engineering gained traction after the introduction of tractors and other farming equipment. As farming became more mechanized, the field was formalized to make equipment to increase agricultural efficiency.
|Courses||Diploma, B.Tech, B.E., M.Tech, MS, Postgraduate Diploma, PhD|
|Agricultural Engineering Jobs||Senior Agricultural Supervisor, Farmland Designer, Agronomist, Researcher, Seed Specialist, Soil Inspector, Crop Inspector etc.|
|Salary||India– Starting salary is Rs 2.5 Lakhs to 4 LakhsUSA – Starting Salary is around $80,000 (INR 70 lakhs)|
|Duration||B.Tech – 4 YearsM.Tech/MS – 2 YearsPhD – 3 to 5 Years|
This Blog Includes:
- What is Agricultural Engineering?
- Agricultural Engineering Syllabus
- Agricultural Engineering Eligibility
- How To Become an Agricultural Engineer
- Application Process
- Agricultural Engineering Fee Structure
- Top Institutes Abroad
- Top Institutes in India
- Future Scope of an Agricultural Engineer
- Job Profiles & Salary
What is Agricultural Engineering?
Agricultural Engineering is a branch of engineering that deals with the creation, design, and construction of agricultural machinery and equipment. It is the science of integrating technology into agriculture. It develops, for example, more productive new and improved farming equipment.
Agricultural Engineering Syllabus
Agriculture Engineering courses are available under various engineering degrees. The syllabus will depend on the course you choose and your college as well. Mentioned below are examples of the syllabus.
M.Tech Agricultural Engineering
|Semester I||Semester II|
|Food Chemistry and Microbiology||Process Instrumentation and Control|
|Nursery Technology||Food Engineering –I|
|Principles of Analytical Chemistry||Refrigeration Engineering|
|Applied Mathematics||Crop Physiology|
|Fundamentals of Information Technology||Agricultural Microbiology|
|Fundamentals of Agricultural Meteorology||Principles of Agricultural Economics|
|English for Effective Communication||Engineering Properties of Biological Materials|
|Semester III||Semester IV|
|Biomass Utilization and Renewable Energy Management||Livestock and Aquaculture Food Products Processing|
|Commercial Production of Spices and Plantation Crops||Fundamentals of Soil Science|
|Fundamentals of Entomology||Industrial visit I (Fruit, Vegetable and Floriculture Industry)|
|Food Preservation Technology||Principles of Biotechnology|
|Principles of Seed Production and Quality control in agricultural crops||Seed production technology of agricultural crops|
|Livestock and Poultry Production Management||Fundamentals of Agribusiness Management|
|Farm Power and Machinery||Applied Statistics|
BTech in Agricultural Engineering
|Semester 1||Semester 2|
|Engineering Chemistry 1||Engineering Mechanics|
|Engineering Drawing||Mathematics 2|
|Engineering Mechanics||Physical Chemistry|
|Mathematics 1||Science of Soils|
|Semester 3||Semester 4|
|Basic of Agricultural Engineering||Engineering Physics 2|
|Engineering Physics 1||Horticulture and Field Crops|
|Agricultural Process in Industries||Farm Machinery|
|Surveying and Labelling Methods||Soil Mechanics|
|Semester 5||Semester 6|
|Statistical Methods||Unit Operations in Food Technology|
|Air Conditioning and Refrigerating||Operation Research|
|Environmental Studies||Tractors and Power Units|
|Semester 7||Semester 8|
|Tools and Control of Machines||Bio-Agricultural|
|Open Elective||Crop Processing Engineering|
|Renewable Energy||Agricultural processing Technology|
Agricultural Engineering Eligibility
The eligibility criteria varies from university to university. Also, some countries have lower requirements. The basic eligibility is summarized below:
- PCM in 10+2 with a minimum of 60%.
- A GPA of 3 out of 4 is required by most colleges for Master level courses.
- An IELTS score of 6.5+ is required.
- A SAT score of at least 1200 is required.
- Statement of Purpose and Letter of Recommendations are required as well.
- Entrance in engineering courses is competitive. Good academics and good scores in SAT/ACT/GRE will help the application.
How To Become an Agricultural Engineer
- Clear 10+2 with PCM
- Get into a university with agricultural engineering specialization.
- If you are pursuing any other engineering course, you can shift to agricultural engineering in the second year as well via transfer programs at various universities.
- Complete the coursework and all the practicals.
- Apply to companies for work experience.
- College Transcripts – A statement of grades supplied by the education board after previous academic qualifications have been completed.
- Financial documentation demonstrates the student’s financial position.
- A letter of recommendation identifies who recommended the student for the degree programme.
- Statement of Purpose – A student’s statement of purpose is an essay or other written statement presented as part of the application process.
- A resume or curriculum vitae (CV) is a summary of a student’s work experience and talents.
The application process is as follows:
- Fill in the application online
- Appear for ACT/ SAT and English Proficiency Tests (IELTS/ TOEFL).
- Submit academic transcripts along with the letter of recommendations and statement of purpose.
- For graduate programs, a GRE score might be needed as well although it is not compulsory for some colleges.
- If the profile is shortlisted, some colleges might conduct an interview.
- If you are selected, pay the first semester tuition fee and apply for visa.
- Admission is based on a student’s performance in either the 12th grade or the entrance exam.
- Shortlisted candidates are invited to an interview phase, following which admission is granted.
- Candidates are admitted based on their performance in the entrance exam as well as the university’s final interview stage.
Agricultural Engineering Fee Structure
Following is the average fee structure for an Agricultural Engineering course.
|Minimum Fees||Rs. 40,000||Rs. 1,00,000||Rs. 50,000|
|Maximum Fees||Rs. 1,20,000||Rs. 3,20,000||Rs. 4,00,000|
Top Institutes Abroad
|QS Ranking||Name of University||Location|
|#1||Wageningen University & Research||Wageningen,Netherlands|
|#2||University of California, Davis||Davis,United States|
|#3||Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences||Uppsala,Sweden|
|#5||Cornell University||Ithaca Campus, Ithaca United States|
Top Institutes in India
|NIRF Ranking||Name of University||Location|
|#1||IIT Madras – Indian Institute of Technology||CHENNAI|
|#2||IIT Kharagpur – Indian Institute of Technology||Kharagpur, West Bengal|
|#3||Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Erode||Erode, Tamil Nadu|
|#4||Integral University, Lucknow||Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh|
|#5||IISc Bangalore – Indian Institute of Science||Bangalore, Karnataka|
Future Scope of an Agricultural Engineer
Agriculture is without a doubt the backbone of the Indian economy. The country is a farmer’s paradise with plenty of opportunities for farming due to its fertile topography and soils. The government has recently launched programmes to promote agriculture and related technology. Agriculture Engineering has emerged as a distinct science as a result of this. Many agricultural institutions in India provide students interested in agriculture and its applications a high-quality education.
Job Profiles & Salary
|Job Profile||Starting Salary per annum (in INR)||Mid Level Salary per annum (in INR)||Senior Level Salary per annum (INR)|
|Farm Shop Manager||1,01460||4,71,665||8,28,514|
|Food And Beverage Supervisor||1,74,181||2,40,644||4,15,365|
|Survey Research Agricultural Engineer||2,44,493||6,64,431||15,34,082|
A career as an agricultural engineer can be rewarding, but it is a tiny sector, and engineers with backgrounds in other subjects, such as civil or mechanical engineering, may be competing for these positions.
No, mathematics is not a compulsory subject for agriculture engineering at 10+2 level. It is good to have but it is not compulsory. In Indian colleges, maths is a compulsory subject at 10+2 level.
Agriculture engineers earn between Rs. 2.5 and 4.5 lakhs per year on average in India. In the USA, an agricultural engineer can expect to make around $85,000 per year (INR 63.5 Lakhs).
Agricultural engineers use computer-aided design (CAD) technology to create agricultural machinery components and equipment. They also put agricultural gear and equipment through their paces to ensure that they are in good working order. They plan food-processing plants and oversee other aspects of a company’s operations.
If you want to understand how to apply to top Universities and realize your dream of becoming an agricultural engineer, take the help of Leverage Edu experts to guide you to your dream university.