How to Become an Agricultural Engineer?

5 minute read

Agricultural Engineering is the discipline of engineering that deals with the design, development, and improvement of farm machinery and equipment. Agricultural Engineers make use of various disciplines like Mechanical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Food Science Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Software Engineering, etc. to improve the farming techniques or to help agri-related businesses. Agricultural Engineering gained traction after the introduction of tractors and other farming equipment. As farming became more mechanized, the field was formalized to make equipment to increase agricultural efficiency.

Courses Diploma, B.Tech, B.E., M.Tech, MS, Postgraduate Diploma, PhD
Agricultural Engineering Jobs Senior Agricultural Supervisor, Farmland Designer, Agronomist, Researcher, Seed Specialist, Soil Inspector, Crop Inspector etc. 
Salary India– Starting salary is Rs 2.5 Lakhs to 4 LakhsUSA – Starting Salary is around $80,000 (INR 70 lakhs)
Duration B.Tech – 4 YearsM.Tech/MS – 2 YearsPhD – 3 to 5 Years

What is Agricultural Engineering?

Agricultural Engineering is a branch of engineering that deals with the creation, design, and construction of agricultural machinery and equipment. It is the science of integrating technology into agriculture. It develops, for example, more productive new and improved farming equipment. 

Agricultural Engineering Syllabus

Agriculture Engineering courses are available under various engineering degrees. The syllabus will depend on the course you choose and your college as well. Mentioned below are examples of the syllabus.


M.Tech Agricultural Engineering

Semester I Semester II
Food Chemistry and Microbiology Process Instrumentation and Control
Nursery Technology Food Engineering –I
Principles of Analytical Chemistry Refrigeration Engineering
Applied Mathematics Crop Physiology
Fundamentals of Information Technology Agricultural Microbiology
Fundamentals of Agricultural Meteorology Principles of Agricultural Economics
English for Effective Communication Engineering Properties of Biological Materials
Semester III Semester IV
Biomass Utilization and Renewable Energy Management Livestock and Aquaculture Food Products Processing
Commercial Production of Spices and Plantation Crops Fundamentals of Soil Science
Fundamentals of Entomology Industrial visit I (Fruit, Vegetable and Floriculture Industry)
Food Preservation Technology Principles of Biotechnology
Principles of Seed Production and Quality control in agricultural crops Seed production technology of agricultural crops
Livestock and Poultry Production Management Fundamentals of Agribusiness Management
Farm Power and Machinery Applied Statistics


BTech in Agricultural Engineering

Semester 1 Semester 2
Engineering Chemistry 1 Engineering Mechanics
Engineering Drawing Mathematics 2
Engineering Mechanics Physical Chemistry
Mathematics 1 Science of Soils
Semester 3 Semester 4
Basic of Agricultural Engineering Engineering Physics 2
Engineering Physics 1 Horticulture and Field Crops
Agricultural Process in Industries Farm Machinery
Surveying and Labelling Methods Soil Mechanics
Semester 5 Semester 6
Biotechnology Soil Physics
Statistical Methods Unit Operations in Food Technology
Air Conditioning and Refrigerating Operation Research
Environmental Studies Tractors and Power Units
Semester 7 Semester 8
Tools and Control of Machines Bio-Agricultural
Open Elective Crop Processing Engineering
Renewable Energy Agricultural processing Technology

Agricultural Engineering Eligibility

The eligibility criteria varies from university to university. Also, some countries have lower requirements. The basic eligibility is summarized below:

  • PCM in 10+2 with a minimum of 60%.
  • A GPA of 3 out of 4 is required by most colleges for Master level courses. 
  • An IELTS score of 6.5+ is required.
  • A SAT score of at least 1200 is required.
  • Statement of Purpose and Letter of Recommendations are required as well.
  • Entrance in engineering courses is competitive. Good academics and good scores in SAT/ACT/GRE will help the application.

How To Become an Agricultural Engineer

  • Clear 10+2 with PCM
  • Get into a university with agricultural engineering specialization.
  • If you are pursuing any other engineering course, you can shift to agricultural engineering in the second year as well via transfer programs at various universities.
  • Complete the coursework and all the practicals.
  • Apply to companies for work experience.

 Documents required

  • College Transcripts – A statement of grades supplied by the education board after previous academic qualifications have been completed.
  • Financial documentation demonstrates the student’s financial position.
  • A letter of recommendation identifies who recommended the student for the degree programme.
  • Statement of Purpose – A student’s statement of purpose is an essay or other written statement presented as part of the application process.
  • A resume or curriculum vitae (CV) is a summary of a student’s work experience and talents.

Application Process 


The application process is as follows:


  • Admission is based on a student’s performance in either the 12th grade or the entrance exam.
  • Shortlisted candidates are invited to an interview phase, following which admission is granted.
  • Candidates are admitted based on their performance in the entrance exam as well as the university’s final interview stage.

Agricultural Engineering Fee Structure

Following is the average fee structure for an Agricultural Engineering course.

Particular Undergraduate Postgraduate Doctoral
Minimum Fees Rs. 40,000 Rs. 1,00,000 Rs. 50,000
Maximum Fees Rs. 1,20,000 Rs. 3,20,000 Rs. 4,00,000

Top Institutes Abroad

QS Ranking Name of University Location
#1 Wageningen University & Research Wageningen,Netherlands 
#2 University of California, Davis Davis,United States 
#3 Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences Uppsala,Sweden
#4 AgroParisTech Paris,France
#5 Cornell University Ithaca Campus, Ithaca United States
Source : QS World University Rankings: Business Masters Rankings 2021

Top Institutes in India

NIRF Ranking Name of University Location
#1 IIT Madras – Indian Institute of Technology CHENNAI
#2 IIT Kharagpur – Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, West Bengal
#3 Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Erode Erode, Tamil Nadu
#4 Integral University, Lucknow Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh
#5 IISc Bangalore – Indian Institute of Science Bangalore, Karnataka

Future Scope of an Agricultural Engineer

Agriculture is without a doubt the backbone of the Indian economy. The country is a farmer’s paradise with plenty of opportunities for farming due to its fertile topography and soils. The government has recently launched programmes to promote agriculture and related technology. Agriculture Engineering has emerged as a distinct science as a result of this. Many agricultural institutions in India provide students interested in agriculture and its applications a high-quality education. 

Job Profiles & Salary 

Job Profile Starting Salary per annum (in INR) Mid Level Salary per annum (in INR) Senior Level Salary per annum (INR)
Agricultural Engineer 2,39,808 5,50,000 11,40,000
Agricultural Inspector 2,94,791 5,81,748 12,20,838
Farm Shop Manager 1,01460 4,71,665 8,28,514
Food And Beverage Supervisor 1,74,181 2,40,644 4,15,365
Survey Research Agricultural Engineer 2,44,493 6,64,431 15,34,082


Is Agricultural Engineering a decent profession to pursue?

A career as an agricultural engineer can be rewarding, but it is a tiny sector, and engineers with backgrounds in other subjects, such as civil or mechanical engineering, may be competing for these positions.

Is Math a must for Agricultural Engineering?

No, mathematics is not a compulsory subject for agriculture engineering at 10+2 level. It is good to have but it is not compulsory. In Indian colleges, maths is a compulsory subject at 10+2 level.

What is the typical Agricultural Engineers salary?

Agriculture engineers earn between Rs. 2.5 and 4.5 lakhs per year on average in India. In the USA, an agricultural engineer can expect to make around $85,000 per year (INR 63.5 Lakhs).

What do agricultural engineers perform, exactly?

Agricultural engineers use computer-aided design (CAD) technology to create agricultural machinery components and equipment. They also put agricultural gear and equipment through their paces to ensure that they are in good working order. They plan food-processing plants and oversee other aspects of a company’s operations.

If you want to understand how to apply to top Universities and realize your dream of becoming an agricultural engineer, take the help of Leverage Edu experts to guide you to your dream university.

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